SR SSD 2002-03

Technical Attachment

NOAA FY 2002 Budget Request Fact Sheet

Coastal Storms

+$3.0 Million in FY 2002

(part of NOAA's Marine Transportation System Initiative)

Coastal Storms - life and property at risk!

Recent estimates for disaster losses are between $10 and $50 billion per year, with an average cost of $50 million per event. Seventy-one percent of disaster losses occur in coastal states or territories. Much of this damage occurs in inland areas adjacent to the coast resulting in impacts throughout coastal watersheds. New funding will allow NOAA to better provide an integrated suite of capabilities to predict and reduce the watershed impacts of coastal storms by developing improved products and services that address specific state/local decision-maker needs.

NOAA's Response to Reduce Coastal Storm Impacts

This initiative will build upon existing NOAA capabilities and will enhance our efforts to provide Marine Transportation System users, as well as emergency and resource managers, with the data and tools needed to safely maximize commercial shipping, mitigate hazards, and sustain environmental health of coastal communities and resources. In order to accomplish meaningful progress in reducing the impacts of coastal storms, this program must first provide observation-to user capabilities and address specific immediate needs in the first pilot area in the St. John's River area of Florida.

The framework NOAA and its partners will use to address watershed impacts from coastal storms incorporates a spectrum of NOAA products and services that will be advanced and integrated seamlessly to meet the goal of this initiative. This framework includes:

Since this effort engages partners at a variety of levels, a significant proportion of these resources will be devoted to contracts and grants.

NOAA's Role

NOAA has four critical statutory responsibilities that support its role in this initiative and provide a solid foundation for the planned activities. First, NOAA has responsibilities for the nearshore bathymetry, nautical charts, and real-time and forecast information necessary for safe and efficient transport and movement of goods and services in the nearshore environment. Second, NOAA has a mandate to facilitate the national coastal management program and working with states to ensure life and property are protected. Third, the National Weather Service provides weather, hydrologic, and climate forecasts and warnings for the United States, its territories, adjacent waters and ocean areas, for the protection of life, property and the enhancement of the national economy. Last, the U.S. Weather Research Program is focused on the research community's contribution to a reduction in the impacts of disastrous weather in the nation's inland and nearshore communities. NOAA is ideally positioned to use its many resources to help the Nation reduce the impacts of devastating storms.

NOAA's Coastal Storms Inititative

Projects for FY2002:

1. Shallow Water Bathymetry,National Ocean Service - $450K
Bank to bank bathymetry of the St. Johns River.

2. Estuary, Coastal and Lake Modeling, National Ocean Service - $300K
Develop a three-dimensional baroclinic, hydrodynamic model of the St. Johns River.

3. Nearshore and Offshore Buoys, National Ocean Service - $750K
An upgrade to the coastal observing network and a new offshore data buoy.

4. Ecological Forecasting, National Marine Fisheries Service - $200K
Assess the potential impacts on living marine resources due to the redistribution of pollutants and contaminants by coastal storms.

5. Integration of Existing Coastal Data, Office of Atmospheric Research - $400K
Coordination between the Institute for Marine and Atmospheric Sciences ate the Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory and the National Coastal Data Development Center.

6. High-Resolution, Coupled Air-Ocean Prediction, National Weather Service - $300K
Run a high resolution Workstation Eta Model and couple it to wave and estuary models.

7. Risk and Vulnerability Assessment, National Ocean Service - $250K
Develop and apply a Community Vulnerability Assessment Tool.

8. Private Sector Extension/Outreach, National Ocean Service - $250K

9. Data Standards and Storage, National Environment Satellite and Data Information Service - $100K
Make the coastal data readily available to a wide variety of users through a virtual data library.