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NWS Spaceflight Meteorology Group

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Space Shuttle Landing Weather Criteria
Simplified Daylight End-of-Mission (EOM) Landing at the Kennedy Space Center

Weather Parameter and Their Limits

Cloud ceiling height>= 8,000 ft
Visibility>= 5 statute miles
Crosswind<= 15 knots
Headwind<= 25 knots
Tailwind<= 15 knots (peak)
<= 10 knots (2 minute average)
Precipitation and thunderstormsNot allowed within 30 nautical miles of the landing runway.
Turbulence<= Moderate

Additional Requirements

1.  No detached non-transparent thunderstorm anvil clouds (less than 3 hours old) within 20 nautical miles of the 

    landing runway.

2.  Peak winds may not exceed the average wind speed by more than 10 knots.

Notes: These guidelines are for a daytime landing at the Kennedy Space Center end-of-mission landing. Shuttle weather flight rules will vary upon landing site, day or night, runway conditions, mission duration, runway equipment, and landing type (e.g., abort or end-of-mission).

Weather and Mission Information:
Space Shuttle Forecasts and Observations, JSC / Houston Weather, Tropics and Hurricanes, SMG and Manned Space Flight, Staff, Links, Contact Us

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Spaceflight Meteorology Group
Page last modified: 15 April, 2002