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NWS Spaceflight Meteorology Group

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SMG and Space Program Mission, History, and Information

SMG Mission Statement
The Spaceflight Meteorology Group (SMG) provides unique world-class weather support to the US Human Spaceflight effort by: 1) providing weather forecasts and briefings to NASA personnel; 2) providing pre and post spaceflight weather analyses and documentation; 3) advising the JSC community of adverse weather impacting the JSC complex; 4) serving as meteorological consultants to the JSC community for current and future spaceflight endeavors; 5) developing tools and techniques to enhance SMG's weather support and to improve the science of meteorology. SMG strives for quality, accuracy, timeliness, customer satisfaction, and safety.


SMG Weather Support Mission Summaries
SMG pre-mission and post-mission summaries are written by the lead weather forecaster for each Space Shuttle mission. The pre-mission summary is normally published 3 to 4 weeks before a launch and will include the STS mission number, the expected launch and landing dates, the name of the orbiter, and the Transoceanic Abort Landing (TAL) sites that will be possible. The pre- mission summary may also include information about the crew, payloads (especially weather-sensitive payloads), any significant changes to weather Flight Rules, and use of new data or technology by SMG forecasters.

The post-mission summary will briefly describe the launch/RTLS, TAL, and landing weather. It is usually available within 3 weeks after landing. Occasionally other NASA operations such as the X-38 project will also be included here as separate mission summaries.

Post-Mission Summary When & More Information
STS-135 Jul 2011
STS-134 May/Jun 2011
STS-133 Feb/Mar 2011
STS-132 May 2010
STS-131 Apr 2010
STS-130 Feb 2010
STS-129 Oct 2009
STS-128 Aug/Sep 2009
STS-127 Jun 2009
STS-125 May 2009
STS-119 Mar 2009
STS-126 Nov 2008
STS-124 May/Jun 2008
STS-123 Mar 2008
STS-122 Feb 2008
STS-120 Oct/Nov 2007
STS-118 August 2007
STS-117 June 2007
STS-116 December 2006
STS-115 Sep 2006
STS-121 July 2006
STS-114 Jul/Aug 2005
STS-107 Jan/Feb 2003
STS-113 Nov/Dec 2002
STS-112 Oct 2002
STS-111 June 2002
STS-110 April 2002
STS-109 Feb/Mar 2002
STS-108 December 2001
STS-105 August 2001
STS-104 July 2001
STS-100 Apr/May 2001
STS-102 Mar 2001
STS-98 Feb 2001
STS-97 Dec. 2000
STS-92 Oct. 2000
STS-106 Sept. 2000
STS-101 May 2000
STS-99 Feb. 2000
STS-103 Dec. 1999
STS-93 July 1999
STS-96 May/Jun 1999
STS-88 Dec. 1998
STS-95 Oct./Nov. 1998
STS-91 June 1998
STS-90 Apr./May 1998
STS-89 Jan. 1998
STS-87 Nov./Dec. 1997
STS-86 Sep./Oct. 1997
STS-85 Aug. 1997
STS-94 July 1997
STS-84 May 1997
STS-83 Apr. 1997
STS-82 Feb. 1997
STS-81 Jan. 1997
STS-80 Nov./Dec. 1996
STS-79 Sep. 1996

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SMG History

The National Weather Service (known as the Weather Bureau before 1970), has provided direct weather support to NASA for the Mercury, Gemini, Apollo, Space Shuttle, and other programs. When the Manned Space Center opened in Houston in 1962, a contingent of the Weather Bureau also came to Houston to provide spacecraft recovery weather support. In the 1960s and 1970s, the Spaceflight Meteorology "Branch" (SMB) of the Weather Bureau consisted of offices at Johnson Space Center in Houston, Cape Canaveral, Florida, and at Weather Bureau offices in Miami, Honolulu, and Washington DC. In the late 1970s, NASA allowed each center to select their weather support structures. At that time, KSC opted to use the USAF for weather support. JSC opted to retain the National Weather Service for weather support services.

Read about weather support for:
Mercury Gemini Apollo Space Shuttle
See above



Weather and Mission Information:
Space Shuttle Forecasts and Observations, JSC / Houston Weather, Tropics and Hurricanes, SMG and Manned Space Flight, Staff, Links, Contact Us, SMG Home
Looking for information about "space weather", sunspots, or solar flares? Visit the NOAA Space Environment Center.

National Weather Service
Spaceflight Meteorology Group
Page last modified: 3 Oct 2011
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