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NVZ001>041-CAZ070>073-CAZ519>527-270000-

DROUGHT INFORMATION STATEMENT
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE RENO NV
435 AM PST TUE JAN 27 2014

...DROUGHT STATEMENT FOR NEVADA...

...SEVERE TO EXCEPTIONAL DROUGHT CONDITIONS IN CENTRAL AND WESTERN
NEVADA...

1/ NEVADA DROUGHT DISASTER DESIGNATIONS...AS OF APRIL 23 2014...ALL
COUNTIES IN NEVADA WERE DESIGNATED AS PRIMARY NATURAL DROUGHT
DISASTER AREAS BY THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
/USDA/.

IN LATE NOVEMBER THE U.S. BUREAU OF RECLAMATION ANNOUNCED THE
AWARDING OF 9.2 BILLION DOLLARS TO 131 RESEARCH GROUPS ACROSS THE
WESTERN U.S. THIS FUNDING IS FOR DEVELOPING IDEAS TO ENSURE A
RELIABLE AND SUSTAINABLE WATER SUPPLY. PARTNERS IN THIS EFFORT
INCLUDE FEDERAL AND NON-FEDERAL AGENCIES...RESEARCH CENTERS AND
LABORATORIES...AND UNIVERSITIES AND PRIVATE COMPANIES. FROM HOUSTON,
TX, CHRONICLE, NOV 20, 2014.

SEE WWW.USDA.GOV/DROUGHT /IN LOWER CASE/ FOR MORE INFORMATION ON
DROUGHT DISASTER DECLARATIONS AND ASSISTANCE.

2/ CURRENT DROUGHT INTENSITY IN NEVADA...THE U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR
/DROUGHTMONITOR.UNL.EDU/ IS UPDATED WEEKLY BY THE NATIONAL
DROUGHT MITIGATION CENTER. IT IS A SYNTHESIS OF MULTIPLE DROUGHT
INDICES AND IMPACTS THAT REPRESENTS A CONSENSUS OF SCIENTISTS IN
MANY FEDERAL...STATE AND LOCAL AGENCIES...AS WELL AS THOSE IN
PRIVATE INDUSTRY.

THE DROUGHT MONITOR IS USED BY THE USDA TO DETERMINE DROUGHT
SEVERITY...TO DECLARE DROUGHT DISASTER AND IS THE MECHANISM USED TO
PROVIDE AID TO THE AGRICULTURAL COMMUNITY. IT IS ALSO THE PRIMARY
TOOL USED BY THE NEVADA DEPARTMENTS OF EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AND
WATER RESOURCES TO RESPOND TO AND PROVIDE ASSISTANCE FOR DROUGHT AND
MITIGATE DROUGHT IMPACTS THROUGH THEIR DROUGHT RESPONSE PLAN.

AS OF JANUARY 20 2015...THE U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR CLASSIFIED MOST OF
WESTERN...CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN NEVADA AS IN SEVERE DROUGHT
/LEVEL 2 OF 4 LEVELS OF DROUGHT/ OR GREATER. A LARGE PART OF
FAR EASTERN NEVADA SAW IMPROVEMENT IN ITS DROUGHT STATUS AS A RESULT
OF MONSOON RAINS THAT FELL FROM LATE JULY THROUGH THE MIDDLE OF
SEPTEMBER...AND PRECIPITATION THAT FELL IN OCTOBER.

THE AREA OF EXTREME TO EXCEPTIONAL DROUGHT IN NEVADA INCLUDED ALL
OR PORTIONS OF THE FOLLOWING COUNTIES...

CARSON CITY...CHURCHILL...CLARK...DOUGLAS...ELKO...ESMERALDA...
EUREKA...HUMBOLDT...LANDER...LYON...MINERAL...NYE...PERSHING...
STOREY AND WASHOE.

THE HARDEST HIT AREAS OF DROUGHT...WHERE IT WAS CLASSIFIED AS
EXCEPTIONAL...ARE MUCH OF PERSHING AND CHURCHILL COUNTIES...A SMALL
PART OF WESTERN LANDER COUNTY...ALL OF STOREY COUNTY AND CARSON
CITY...MUCH OF DOUGLAS COUNTY AND THE SOUTHERN HALF OF WASHOE COUNTY
IN NEVADA.

THE AREAS LEAST AFFECTED BY DROUGHT IN NEVADA INCLUDED CENTRAL AND
EASTERN ELKO COUNTY ALONG WITH WHITE PINE COUNTY...FAR NORTHEAST NYE
COUNTY AND MUCH OF LINCOLN COUNTY...AND SMALL PARTS OF SOUTHERN
CLARK COUNTY...WHICH WERE CLASSIFIED AS IN MODERATE DROUGHT /DROUGHT
LEVEL 1/ OR ABNORMALLY DRY.

3/ SYNOPSIS... BELOW TO MUCH BELOW NORMAL PRECIPITATION HAS OCCURRED
OVER MOST NEVADA SINCE OCTOBER 2011. SMALL PARTS OF EASTERN AND
WESTERN NEVADA HAVE EXPERIENCED NEAR NORMAL TO SLIGHTLY ABOVE NORMAL
PRECIPITATION DURING THIS TIME.

DURING THE CALENDAR YEAR 2014...PRECIPITATION WAS BELOW NORMAL FOR
CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN NEVADA AND MUCH OF WEST CENTRAL NEVADA. PARTS
OF FAR WESTERN NEVADA...NORTHEAST NEVADA...AND FAR NORTHWEST
NEVADA RECEIVED ABOVE NORMAL PRECIPITATION FOR THE YEAR.

ABOVE AVERAGE PRECIPITATION ACROSS NORTHERN AND EASTERN NEVADA IN
MAY OF 2014 AND AGAIN DURING THE SUMMER MONSOON FROM JULY THROUGH
EARLY SEPTEMBER 2014 BROUGHT EAST CENTRAL NEVADA TO ABOVE NORMAL FOR
THE YEAR. HEAVY CONVECTIVE RAIN IN MAY 2014 AND AGAIN IN JULY
AND AUGUST 2014 BROUGHT A SMALL PART OF WESTERN NEVADA...MOSTLY
MINERAL COUNTY...TO ABOVE AVERAGE.

THESE CONVECTIVE RAINS ALONG WITH WET PERIODS DURING NOVEMBER AND
DECEMBER BROUGHT FAR NORTHWEST NEVADA TO ABOVE NORMAL FOR THE PAST
YEAR.

/SEE:HTTP://WWW.WRCC.DRI.EDU/WWDT/ARCHIVE.PHP?FOLDER=PON6PER/

THE DRIEST AREAS...THOSE THAT HAD LESS THAN 75 PERCENT OF NORMAL
PRECIPITATION DURING 2014...INCLUDE EXTREME SOUTHERN WASHOE COUNTY
ALONG WITH PARTS OF CARSON CITY...DOUGLAS COUNTY... STOREY
COUNTY...LYON COUNTY...WESTERN MINERAL COUNTY...SOUTHERN ESMERALDA
COUNTY...SOUTHERN NYE COUNTY...MOST OF CLARK COUNTY AND SOUTHERN
LINCOLN COUNTY RECEIVED LESS THAN 75 PERCENT OF THEIR AVERAGE
PRECIPITATION DURING 2014.

THE AREAS OF ABOVE NORMAL PRECIPITATION DURING THIS PERIOD OF TIME
INCLUDED FAR NORTHERN WASHOE COUNTY AND SMALL PARTS OF SOUTHEAST
WASHOE...NORTHERN LYON...FAR WESTERN CHURCHILL AND SOUTH CENTRAL
PERSHING COUNTIES IN WESTERN NEVADA. IN NORTHERN AND EASTERN
NEVADA...MUCH OF HUMBOLDT AND ELKO COUNTIES WERE MORE THAN 110
PERCENT OF AVERAGE FOR THE YEAR. SMALL PARTS OF NORTHERN LANDER AND
EUREKA COUNTIES ALONG WITH FAR NORTHERN AND EASTERN WHITE PINE
COUNTY WERE BETTER THAN 110 PERCENT OF AVERAGE FOR THE YEAR.

4/ DROUGHT IMPACTS...
THE WINTER OF 2013/14 WAS THE THIRD STRAIGHT WINTER WITH BELOW
NORMAL PRECIPITATION FOR MUCH OF THE AREA.  WHILE FALL 2014 BROUGHT
SOME RELIEF...MUCH OF THE AREA HAS SEEN BELOW AVERAGE PRECIPITATION
SINCE OCTOBER 2011. THE FOLLOWING IMPACTS...WHILE NOT ALL
INCLUSIVE...REPRESENT SOME OF THE MOST IMPACTFUL EFFECTS OF THE
CONTINUING DROUGHT ON THE REGION OVER THE LAST YEAR.

A/ RANCHING...
A NEVADA STATE LEGISLATIVE BILL /SB 134/ TO ALLOW NEVADA LIVESTOCK
OWNERS IN DROUGHT STRICKEN AREAS EMERGENCY ACCESS TO WATER WAS
PASSED BY THE NEVADA SENATE AND SIGNED INTO LAW BY THE GOVERNOR IN
MAY 2013. IT CREATED AN EMERGENCY WATER PERMITTING PROCESS WHICH IS
AVAILABLE WHEN STATE OR FEDERAL OFFICIALS DECLARE A DROUGHT
EMERGENCY. RANCHERS SHOULD CONTACT THE NEVADA DEPARTMENT OF WATER
RESOURCES FOR MORE INFORMATION AT HTTP://WATER.NV.GOV/ OR BY PHONE
AT 775-684-2800.

IN MAY 2014 THE BLM OFFICE IN BATTLE MOUNTAIN REQUESTED NINE
RANCHERS WITH GRAZING RIGHTS ON THE ARGENTA ALLOTMENT TO REST
SENSITIVE AREAS DURING THE SUMMER OF 2014 TO ALLOW THE RANGE TO RECOVER
FROM THREE YEARS OF EXTREME DROUGHT. THE ALLOTMENT COVERED 365,000
ACRES SOUTH OF BATTLE MOUNTAIN. THE RANGE HAD SUFFERED DAMAGE AND
NEEDED TIME TO RECOVER TO REMAIN A PRODUCTIVE RANGELAND FOR
LIVESTOCK. FROM ELKO, NV DAILY FREE PRESS, MAY 6, 2014.

AS OF MAY 29, 2014 THE BLM AGREED TO ALLOW THE AFFECTED RANCHERS
CONTINUED GRAZING RIGHTS IN THE DISPUTED AREAS AS LONG AS LINGERING
DROUGHT CONDITIONS DID NOT WORSEN. FROM LAS VEGAS, NV SUN. MAY 29,
2014.

ON JULY 23, 2014 THE BATTLE MOUNTAIN BLM OFFICE ONCE AGAIN ANNOUNCED
THE CLOSURE OF SOME OF THE ARGENTA GRAZING ALLOTMENTS. THE BLM CITED
DATA THAT INDICATED DROUGHT TRIGGERS HAD BEEN MET REQUIRING REMOVAL
OF CATTLE FROM NINE SEGMENTS OF THE ALLOTMENT. FROM ELKO, NV DAILY
FREE PRESS, JULY 24, 2014.

THE AGRICULTURAL ACT OF 2014 ALLOWED LIVESTOCK PRODUCERS WHO HAD
SUFFERED LOSSES AS FAR BACK AS OCTOBER OF 2011 TO APPLY FOR
ASSISTANCE. A LIVESTOCK INDEMNITY PROGRAM MAY ASSIST PRODUCERS WHO
LOST STOCK DUE TO ADVERSE WEATHER. OFFICIALS WITH THE USDA SAID AS
MUCH AS $2-3 BILLION COULD BE PAID FOR PAST DISASTERS. APPLICATIONS
MUST BE RECEIVED BY JAN 1, 2015. FROM LINCOLN, NE, JOURNAL STAR,
APRIL 17, 2014.

DUE TO THE DROUGHT DISASTER DESIGNATION THROUGHOUT ALL COUNTIES IN
THE REGION...RANCHERS HAVE BEEN ABLE TO OBTAIN VARIOUS FINANCIAL AND
TAX RELIEF THROUGH USDA. SEE THE USDA FARM SERVICES AGENCY WEBSITE
FOR DETAILS /WWW.FSA.USDA.GOV.

B/ AGRICULTURE...
FARMERS DID NOT RECEIVE A FULL ALLOCATION OF WATER IN THE SUMMER OF
2013 AND MOST RECEIVED LITTLE IF ANY OF THEIR ALLOCATIONS FOR THE
SUMMER OF 2014.

HUMBOLDT RIVER BASIN...
AS OF EARLY SEPTEMBER 2014 NO DELIVERIES HAD BEEN MADE FOR THE 2014
IRRIGATION SEASON ON THE LOWER HUMBOLDT BELOW RYE PATCH RESERVOIR.
MOST FARMERS AND RANCHERS IN THE LOWER HUMBOLDT BASIN DO NOT
SUPPLEMENT SURFACE WATER WITH GROUND WATER. RYE PATCH RESERVOIR
REMAINS NEAR 5 PERCENT OF CAPACITY.

THE FIVE COUNTIES OF THE HUMBOLDT RIVER WATER AUTHORITY
/HUMBOLDT...ELKO...EUREKA...LANDER AND PERSHING/ HAVE REINFORCED THE
STATE OF NEVADA ACTION DECLARING A DROUGHT RESOLUTION THAT WOULD
ENCOURAGE NEVADA AND FEDERAL AGENCIES TO COORDINATE TO BEST HANDLE
DROUGHT IMPACTS IN THE HARD HIT AREAS.

WALKER RIVER BASIN...
INITIAL STORAGE WATER ALLOCATIONS FOR THE WALKER RIVER BASIN FOR THE
2014 IRRIGATION SEASON WERE ANNOUNCED ON MARCH 14 2014. WELL BELOW
AVERAGE STORAGE IN BRIDGEPORT RESERVOIR AND TOPAZ LAKE ALONG WITH A
BELOW AVERAGE SNOW PACK IN THE UPPER PORTIONS OF THE WALKER BASIN
RESULTED IN STORAGE ALLOCATIONS SET AT 9.5 PERCENT ON THE EAST
WALKER RIVER AND 1.33 PERCENT ON THE WEST WALKER RIVER. THE WALKER
RIVER IRRIGATION DISTRICT ENCOURAGED WATER RIGHTS HOLDERS TO TAKE
THEIR WATER AS SOON AS POSSIBLE RATHER THAN WAIT LATER IN THE
SEASON. RENO, NV GAZETTE-JOURNAL, MARCH 15, 2014.

THERE WAS CONCERN THAT THE STORAGE ALLOCATIONS COULD EVAPORATE IN
THE RESERVOIRS BEFORE BEING SERVED. IN A CONVERSATION WITH THE
WALKER RIVER WATERMASTER IN YERINGTON IT WAS NOTED THAT SURFACE
WATER ALLOCATIONS WOULD BE DETERMINED ON A DAILY BASIS DURING THE
2014 IRRIGATION SEASON. ADDITIONAL COMMUNICATION WITH THE WALKER
RIVER WATERMASTER IN EARLY JUNE INDICATED THERE WERE NO DELIVERIES
FROM THE EAST WALKER RIVER...AND THE WEST WALKER DELIVERED ONLY 5
DAYS WORTH OF DECREED WATER TO 1865 WATER RIGHTS HOLDERS. THE
WATERMASTER ALSO INDICATED THAT WELLS WERE BEING REDRILLED IN THE
BASIN AND PUMPING OPERATIONS WERE VERY HIGH IN JUNE.

IN LATE AUGUST A COCORAHS OBSERVER IN YERINGTON REPORTED ALFALFA
FIELDS LEFT DRY WITH GROUNDWATER USED TO IRRIGATE ONLY A SMALL
NUMBER OF FIELDS. THE WALKER RIVER WAS AT A TRICKLE WITH NO WATER
FOR IRRIGATION. LEVELS IN DOMESTIC WELLS WERE DROPPING ALONG WITH
IRRIGATION WELLS.

CARSON RIVER BASIN...
ON MAY 9 2014 THE TRUCKEE-CARSON IRRIGATION DISTRICT /TCID/
ANNOUNCED A PLAN TO CUT ALLOTMENTS FOR THE 2014 IRRIGATION SEASON TO
45 PERCENT OF NORMAL. THIS PLAN STILL NEEDED APPROVAL OF THEIR BOARD
MEMBERS...BUT THE ANNOUNCEMENT WAS MADE EARLY TO ALLOW FARMERS IN
AND AROUND THE FALLON AREA WHO DEPEND ON WATER FROM TCID TO MAKE
PLANS TO CUT THEIR WATER USAGE. FROM KTVN AND KRNV, RENO, NV. MAY 9,
2014.

TRUCKEE RIVER BASIN...
AS OF JULY 30, 2014 RELEASES FROM BOCA RESERVOIR WERE CUT
DRASTICALLY. THIS REDUCED FLOWS ON THE TRUCKEE RIVER BY ABOUT HALF.
LAKE TAHOE DROPPED BELOW ITS NATURAL RIM LATE ON OCTOBER 15, 2014
FOR THE FIRST TIME SINCE 2009. THIS MEANT ONLY A SMALL TRICKLE OF
WATER WAS ESCAPING LAKE TAHOE AND BY OCTOBER 17 VIRTUALLY NO FLOW
WAS LEAVING LAKE TAHOE. THE REDUCTION IN FLOWS MEANT THAT FLORISTON
RATES WERE NOT MET FROM LATE SUMMER INTO THE EARLY FALL.

DUE TO THE DROUGHT DISASTER DESIGNATION THROUGHOUT ALL COUNTIES IN
THE REGION...FARMERS MAY BE ABLE TO OBTAIN VARIOUS FINANCIAL AND TAX
RELIEF THROUGH USDA.  SEE THE USDA FARM SERVICES AGENCY WEBSITE FOR
DETAILS /WWW.FSA.USDA.GOV.

SUSAN RIVER BASIN...
IN EARLY MAY IN A DISCUSSION WITH THE HONEY LAKE BASIN WATERMASTER
IT WAS LEARNED THAT SURFACE WATER DELIVERIES FROM THE SUSAN RIVER
HAD ENDED AS RESERVOIRS WERE EMPTY AT THAT TIME. THE ONLY AVAILABLE
WATER TO RANCHERS WAS GROUND WATER. IN EARLY JUNE THE USDA RECEIVED
FEEDBACK FROM THE CATTLEMEN`S ASSOCIATION IN LASSEN COUNTY THAT
CONDITIONS WERE THE SAME IF NOT WORSE THAN 2012 WITH CREEKS AND
STREAMS DRYING UP AND NO RUN OFF FROM SNOWMELT.

COLORADO RIVER BASIN... THE DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR AND FOUR
MUNICIPAL WATER PROVIDERS IN ARIZONA, CALIFORNIA, NEVADA AND
COLORADO HAVE CONTRIBUTED 11 MILLION DOLLARS TO PROMOTE WATER
CONSERVATION IN THE COLORADO RIVER BASIN. THEY WILL TAKE PART IN A
PILOT PROGRAM TO REDUCE WATER DEMAND BY FARMERS, CITIES AND
INDUSTRIES. FROM LAS VEGAS NV SUN, JULY 31, 2014.

C/ FIRE DANGER...
AS OF EARLY JANUARY 20 FIRE DANGER WAS RATED AS LOW TO MODERATE OVER
MOST OF NEVADA. SMALL AREAS OF HIGH FIRE DANGER PERSISTED OVER
EXTREME SOUTHERN NEVADA.

FIRE DANGER CLASSIFICATION IS UPDATED DAILY.
SEE HTTP://WWW.WFAS.NET/IMAGES/FIREDANGER/FD_CLASS.PNG FOR CURRENT
CONDITIONS.

AS OF JANUARY 1 2015...THE NIFC FIRE POTENTIAL FORECAST FOR THE
REGION WAS NEAR NORMAL FOR FEBRUARY THROUGH APRIL OVER ALL OF
NEVADA.

SEE U.S. FOREST SERVICE WILDLAND FIRE ASSESSMENT SYSTEM WEBSITE FOR
DETAILS...HTTP://WWW.PREDICTIVESERVICES.NIFC.GOV/OUTLOOKS/MONTHLY_
SEASONAL_OUTLOOK.PDF.

D/ FISHERIES...
LOW FLOWS CONTINUE TO IMPACT FISHERIES AROUND THE REGION.

NEVADA DIVISION OF FISH AND WILDLIFE REPORTED HIGH IMPACTS TO FISH
IN LAHONTAN...RYE PATCH...AND OTHER RESERVOIRS THAT WERE SEVERELY
DRAWN DOWN. THE CARSON...WALKER...HUMBOLDT AND SEVERAL OTHER RIVERS
AND STREAMS THROUGHOUT THE REGION HAVE ALSO BEEN IMPACTED.

WILDLIFE OFFICIALS EXPRESSED CONCERN THAT PERIODS OF HIGH
TEMPERATURES COMBINED WITH LOW WATER LEVELS COULD LEAD TO A
LESSENING OF DISSOLVED OXYGEN IN LAKES AND RESERVOIRS AND RESULT IN
DIE OFFS. DIE OFFS WERE EXPECTED IN WILDHORSE AND WILLOW CREEK
RESERVOIRS IN ELKO COUNTY...AND FOR THE SECOND YEAR IN A ROW THE
STATE LIFTED LIMITS IN THOSE TWO RESERVOIRS TO ALLOW MORE FISH TO BE
REMOVED BEFORE CONDITIONS BECAME UNSURVIVABLE. FROM RENO, NV
GAZETTE-JOURNAL, JUN 24, 2014.

FISH KILLS OCCURRED AT TOPAZ LAKE IN SOUTHERN DOUGLAS COUNTY AND AT
SQUAW CREEK RESERVOIR NORTH OF GERLACH THIS YEAR. MEANWHILE...
DROUGHT AND IRRIGATION DEMANDS LOWERED THE LEVEL OF THE ONION VALLEY
RESERVOIR IN THE PINE FOREST RANGE OF HUMBOLDT COUNTY, NV...WIPING
OUT THE TROUT FISHERY. FROM LAS VEGAS, NV, SUN, OCT 9, 2014.

NEVADA DEPARTMENT OF WILDLIFE HAS ALSO REPORTED DEAD FISH SHOWING UP
AT WASHOE LAKE SINCE OCTOBER OF 2014 DUE TO THE DRY CONDITIONS. SOME
RESIDENTS HAVE EXPRESSED CONCERN...BUT NDOW ADDED THEY ARE NOT
CONCERNED ABOUT TOXINS IN THE LAKE...SAYING IT`S PART OF A NATURAL
CYCLE DUE TO THE DROUGHT. LESS WATER MEANS LESS FISH. FROM KOLO-TV
NEWS 8, RENO, NV DEC 29, 2014.

SEE THE NEVADA DEPARTMENT OF WILDLIFE WEBSITE /HTTP://WWW.NDOW.ORG/
FOR FISHING CONDITION INFORMATION IN NEVADA.

E/ VEGETATION AND WILDLIFE...
IN FORESTED AREAS...DROUGHT HAS CAUSED TREES TO BECOME SUSCEPTIBLE
TO INSECT INFESTATIONS WHICH COULD INCREASE MORTALITY AND FIRE
DANGER. LESS VEGETATION AND WATER MAY STRESS WILDLIFE CAUSING
DEHYDRATION...HUNGER...ILLNESS AND DEATH.

DROUGHT CONDITIONS RESULTED IN BEARS MOVING INTO MORE URBANIZED
AREAS THIS YEAR IN SEARCH OF FOOD.

AS OF EARLY NOVEMBER NEVADA WILDLIFE OFFICIALS HAD RECEIVED WELL
OVER 500 COMPLAINTS REGARDING BEARS FOR THE YEAR SO FAR...WELL SHORT
OF THE RECORD 1500 COMPLAINTS RECEIVED IN 2007...ANOTHER DROUGHT
YEAR...BUT WELL ABOVE NORMAL. OF APPROXIMATELY 70 CONFLICT BEARS
HANDLED BY NDOW...MANY HAVE BEEN FOUND AWAY FORM THEIR NORMAL
HIGH-MOUNTAIN HABITAT. INCLUDED IN THESE CALLS WERE 29 BEARS IN THE
LAKE TAHOE COMMUNITIES OF NEVADA...14 IN RENO...9 IN CARSON CITY AND
5 IN MINDEN-GARDNERVILLE. THERE WAS EVEN ONE REPORT OF A BEAR IN THE
SPANISH SPRINGS AREA OF NORTHEAST SPARKS...WELL AWAY FROM THE
MOUNTAINS. FROM RENO, NV, GAZETTE-JOURNAL, NOV 9, 2014.

A DETERIORATION OF WATER QUALITY IN TWO RENO CITY PARKS...WHERE
LAKES HAD NOT RECEIVED WATER FROM THE TRUCKEE RIVER SINCE EARLY
AUGUST...WAS BLAMED FOR THE DEATH OF NUMEROUS DUCKS. TWENTY FOUR
DUCKS WERE FOUND DEAD AT VIRGINIA LAKES WHILE ROUGHLY THE SAME
NUMBER HAD DIED AT PARADISE PARK. AVIAN BOTULISM WAS THOUGHT TO BE
THE CAUSE. FROM RENO, NV, GAZETTE-JOURNAL, AUG 26, 2014.

IN AN UPDATE...LABORATORY TESTS CONFIRMED AVIAN BOTULISM AS THE
CAUSE OF DEATH OF DUCKS IN RENO IN LATE AUGUST IN SEVERAL DROUGHT
DEPLETED LAKES. FROM RENO, NV, GAZETTE-JOURNAL, SEP 8, 2014.

THE DRY CONDITIONS ALSO AFFECTED THE NUMBER OF DUCKS STOPPING OVER
DURING THEIR MIGRATION THIS FALL. THE LACK OF WATER IN AREAS THE
DUCKS WOULD NORMALLY STOP IS RESULTED IN A LESSENING OF THE NUMBER
OF DUCKS AND A DECREASE IN HUNTING OPPORTUNITIES. FROM RENO, NV,
GAZETTE-JOURNAL, OCT 29, 2014.

F/ GROUND WATER...
THE CARSON WATER SUBCONSERVANCY DISTRICT HAS REPORTED THAT MANY
FARMS IN THE WATERSHED PUMPED MORE GROUND WATER DURING THE 2014
IRRIGATION SEASON.

IN SOUTH LAKE TAHOE THREE WELLS WERE AFFECTED BY CONTAMINANTS AS
LESS GROUNDWATER WAS AVAILABLE TO DILUTE THE CONTAMINANTS. TWO OF
THE WELLS CONTAINED THE CONTAMINANT PCE. ALL THREE WELLS WERE SHUT
DOWN...LEAVING BARELY ENOUGH WATER FOR 950 HOMES. FROM CAPITAL
PUBLIC RADIO, SACRAMENTO, CA, NOV 12, 2014.

G/ URBAN AREA DROUGHT IMPACTS...
RENO/SPARKS...
THE TRUCKEE MEADOWS WATER AUTHORITY /TMWA/ SERVING THE RENO AND
SPARKS NV AREA...ASKED RESIDENTS TO REDUCE THEIR WATER USAGE BY 10
PERCENT IN EARLY AUGUST...BUT NO MANDATORY CONSERVATION MEASURES
WERE ENACTED.

IN NOVEMBER TMWA ANNOUNCED THE 10 PERCENT GOAL WAS NOT MET...BUT
VOLUNTARY EFFORTS LED TO A REDUCTION IN USAGE OF 7.5 PERCENT. TMWA
USED 18 PERCENT OF ITS DROUGHT RESERVES...MAINLY FROM DONNER
LAKE...AND WAS NOT FORCED TO TAP ITS LARGEST RESERVE...INDEPENDENCE
LAKE. WATER USAGE SHOULD CONTINUE TO DROP THROUGH THE FALL AND
WINTER WITH THE END OF IRRIGATION SEASON...TMWA STATED. FROM RENO,
NV. GAZETTE-JOURNAL, NOV 6, 2014.

SEE WWW.TMWA.COM/CONSERVATION FOR DETAILS.

THE TRUCKEE MEADOWS POWER AUTHORITY SHUT DOWN THREE HYDROPOWER
PLANTS IN LATE JULY AS WATER LEVELS FELL TOO LOW TO CONTINUE
OPERATING. FROM KOLO-TV NEWS 8, RENO, NV, JULY 30, 2014.

LAS VEGAS...
BOTH THE SOUTHERN NEVADA WATER AUTHORITY /SNWA/ AND THE LAS VEGAS
VALLEY WATER DISTRICT /LVVWD/ ENACTED WINTER WATERING RESTRICTIONS
NOVEMBER 1ST. LANDSCAPE WATERING IS ALLOWED ON ONLY ONE DAY EACH
WEEK. THESE RESTRICTIONS WILL REMAIN IN EFFECT THROUGH FEBRUARY 28.
SEE WWW.SNWA.COM OR WWW.LVVWD.COM FOR DETAILS.

SNWA APPROVED A PROJECT TO EXTEND THE LIFE OF AN OLD SHALLOW INTAKE
PIPE AND PUMPING STATION THAT THE LAS VEGAS COMMUNITY NOW USES TO
DRAW ABOUT 90 PERCENT OF ITS DRINKING WATER SUPPLY FROM LAKE MEAD.
OFFICIALS DECLARED THE PROJECT TO BE AN EMERGENCY IN SEPTEMBER OF
2013 BECAUSE THE U.S. BUREAU OF RECLAMATION ANNOUNCED IN AUGUST 2013
THE INFLOW TO LAKE MEAD DURING 2014 WOULD BE THE SMALLEST ANNUAL
WATER DELIVERY IN THE LAKE`S HISTORY. FROM LAS VEGAS, NV,
REVIEW-JOURNAL, SEPT. 26, 2013.

THE EMERGENCY DROUGHT DECLARATION MADE BY CALIFORNIA GOV. JERRY
BROWN ON JAN. 17, 2014 ALLOWS THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA TO TAKE MORE
WATER FROM LAKE MEAD. THIS COULD LEAD TO WATER RESTRICTIONS IN THE
LAS VEGAS VALLEY BY 2015. ONCE THE LAKE DROPS TO A LEVEL OF 1075
FEET SNWA CAN DECLARE A WATER SHORTAGE.

TO ALLEVIATE THE PROBLEM OF A LOWER LAKE LEVEL...SNWA IS
CONSTRUCTING A THIRD INTAKE PIPE THAT SITS DEEPER IN LAKE MEAD. IF
THIS INTAKE IS NOT COMPLETED PRIOR TO THE FIRST INTAKE BECOMING
OBSOLETE...OFFICIALS SAY SOUTHERN NEVADA COULD FACE SIGNIFICANT
PROBLEMS. POWER GENERATION COULD ALSO BE AFFECTED BY THE LOWERING
LAKE LEVEL. FROM KLAS, LAS VEGAS, NV, JAN. 26, 2014.

ON DECEMBER 10, 2014 SNWA ANNOUNCED A 3 MILE LONG TUNNEL HAD BEEN
COMPLETED TO THE THIRD INTAKE "STRAW" ON LAKE MEAD. CONSTRUCTION HAD
BEGUN IN 2008 TO PROVIDE A BUFFER AGAINST DROUGHT. THERE ARE ALSO
PLANS TO BUILD FOR A NEW 650 MILLION DOLLAR PUMPING STATION TO
PROVIDE WATER EVEN IF THE LAKE FALLS BELOW AN ELEVATION OF 1000
FEET. FROM LAS VEGAS, NV, SUN, DEC. 10, 2014.

TRUCKEE... THE CITY OF TRUCKEE IMPOSED MANDATORY STAGE 2 DROUGHT
RESTRICTIONS ON AUGUST 12, 2014. THIS LIMITED WATERING TO TWO DAYS
PER WEEK.

NORTH TAHOE...
THE NORTH TAHOE PUBLIC UTILITY DISTRICT ALSO IMPOSED STAGE 2
DROUGHT RESTRICTIONS ON AUGUST 15, 2014. PROHIBITIONS INCLUDED NO
WASHING OF PAVED SURFACES, NO IRRIGATING BETWEEN 11 AM AND 6 PM, NO
FILLING OR REFILLING OF SWIMMING POOLS AND NO USE OF POTABLE WATER
FOR DUST CONTROL.

TAHOE CITY...
STAGE 2 DROUGHT RESTRICTIONS WERE ANNOUNCED ON JULY 25, 2014,
RESTRICTING OUTDOOR SPRAY IRRIGATION, IMPOSING DAY OF THE WEEK
WATERING BASED ON ADDRESSES AND RESTRICTING BARS AND RESTAURANTS TO
THE SERVING OF WATER ONLY UPON REQUEST.

SOUTH LAKE TAHOE...
STAGE 1 MANDATORY RESTRICTIONS WERE ALSO ENACTED. RESTRICTIONS
INCLUDED: NO IRRIGATING OF UNDEVELOPED PROPERTY...NO WATER IN
RESTAURANTS UNLESS REQUESTED AND NO WASHING OF PAVED SURFACES.

H/ TOURISM AND RECREATION IMPACTS...
LOW FLOWS ON THE TRUCKEE RIVER PROMPTED THE TRUCKEE RIVER RAFTING
COMPANY AND IRIE RAFTING COMPANY TO ANNOUNCE THEY WOULD ALLOW NO
RAFTING IN AUGUST...NORMALLY ONE OF THEIR MOST PROFITABLE MONTHS.
THE SAND HARBOR BOAT RAMP ON LAKE TAHOE`S NORTHEAST SHORE ALSO HAS
CLOSED FOR THE SUMMER. THIS RAMP NORMALLY REMAINS OPEN ALL YEAR.
FROM KTVN NEWS 2 RENO, NV, JUL 27, 2014.

THE LOWER LEVEL OF LAKE TAHOE ALSO EXPOSED OBSTACLES THAT WERE
NEARER TO THE WATER SURFACE AND CAUSED DAMAGED TO PROPELLERS. THE
GENERAL MANAGER OF THE TAHOE CITY MARINA NOTED THE LAKE HAD BECOME
TOO SHALLOW FOR SOME SAILBOATS TO ENTER THE MARINA. FROM TAHOE CITY,
CA, TRIBUNE, JULY 22, 2014.

5/ HYDROLOGIC CONDITIONS AS OF JANUARY 20 2015...

A/ SUSAN RIVER...
ON JANUARY 21...FLOWS ON THE SUSAN RIVER AT SUSANVILLE WERE ABOUT
56 CUBIC FEET PER SECOND /CFS/...OR 39 PERCENT OF THE AVERAGE FLOW
OF 143 CFS FOR THIS DATE.

B/ PIT RIVER...
ON JANUARY 21...FLOWS NEAR CANBY CALIFORNIA...WERE ABOUT 85
CFS...OR ABOUT 26 PERCENT OF THE AVERAGE FLOW OF 323 CFS FOR THIS
DATE.

C/ UPPER FEATHER RIVER...
ON JANUARY 21...FLOWS ON THE MIDDLE FORK FEATHER RIVER NEAR
PORTOLA WERE ABOUT 37 CFS OR 2 PERCENT OF THE 1120 CFS AVERAGE FLOW
FOR THIS DATE.

D/ LAKE TAHOE AND TRUCKEE RIVER BASINS...
JANUARY 21 STORAGE ON LAKE TAHOE AND TRUCKEE BASIN RESERVOIRS WAS
AS FOLLOWS.../NOTE...AF IS ABBREVIATION FOR ACRE FEET/.

LAKE TAHOE.....     0 AF... 0 PCT OF CAPACITY.. 0 PCT OF JANUARY 31 AVG
PROSSER RSVR.... 8950 AF...31 PCT OF CAPACITY..92 PCT OF JANUARY 31 AVG
STAMPEDE RSVR.. 53178 AF...23 PCT OF CAPACITY..31 PCT OF JANUARY 31 AVG
BOCA RSVR....... 6948 AF...17 PCT OF CAPACITY..42 PCT OF JANUARY 31 AVG

JANUARY 21 FLOWS AND PERCENT OF AVERAGE FOR THIS DATE ON THE
TRUCKEE RIVER WERE AS FOLLOWS... /NOTE...CFS IS ABBREVIATION FOR
CUBIC FEET PER SECOND/

TAHOE CITY...  FLOW WAS UNAVAILABLE
TRUCKEE...... 25 CFS...    9 PCT OF  274 CFS AVERAGE
FARAD........250 CFS...   41 PCT OF  605 CFS AVERAGE
RENO.........204 CFS...   29 PCT OF  710 CFS AVERAGE
VISTA........222 CFS...   29 PCT OF  766 CFS AVERAGE
WADSWORTH....110 CFS...   13 PCT OF  816 CFS AVERAGE
NIXON........110 CFS...   19 PCT OF  589 CFS AVERAGE

STEAMBOAT CREEK...
JANUARY 21 FLOWS ON STEAMBOAT CREEK WERE AS FOLLOWS...

AT STEAMBOAT..........  1.0 CFS...  4 PCT OF  23 CFS AVERAGE
AT RENO /SHORT LANE/..  4.6 CFS... 27 PCT OF  17 CFS AVERAGE

E/ CARSON RIVER BASIN ABOVE LAHONTAN RESERVOIR...
JANUARY 21 FLOWS AND PERCENT OF AVERAGE FOR THIS DATE ON THE
CARSON RIVER ABOVE LAHONTAN RESERVOIR WERE AS FOLLOWS...

EAST FK CARSON NR MARKLEEVILLE........ NOT AVAILABLE DUE TO ICE
EAST FK CARSON NR GARDNERVILLE........ 56 CFS.. 24 PCT OF 238 CFS AVG
WEST FK CARSON AT WOODFORDS........... NOT AVAILABLE DUE TO ICE
CARSON RVR NR CARSON CITY............. 74 CFS.. 22 PCT OF 343 CFS AVG
CARSON RVR NR FT CHURCHILL............ 54 CFS.. 18 PCT OF 307 CFS AVG

CARSON RIVER BELOW LAHONTAN RESERVOIR...
JANUARY 21 STORAGE ON LAHONTAN RESERVOIR WAS 20307...7 PERCENT
OF CAPACITY...OR 14 PERCENT OF THE JANUARY 31 AVERAGE. RELEASE FROM
LAHONTAN ON JANUARY 21 WAS 0.6 CFS...1 PCT OF THE 113 CFS AVERAGE.

F/ WALKER RIVER BASIN...
AS OF JANUARY 21...STORAGE ON BRIDGEPORT RESERVOIR WAS 4220 ACRE
FEET...10 PERCENT OF CAPACITY...AND 20 PCT OF THE JANUARY 31 AVERAGE.
STORAGE ON TOPAZ WAS 4980 AF...8 PCT OF CAPACITY...19 PCT OF THE
JANUARY 31 AVERAGE.

JANUARY 21 FLOWS AND PERCENT OF AVERAGE FOR THIS DATE ON THE WALKER
RIVER WERE AS FOLLOWS...

E WALKER RVR BLW BRIDGEPORT RSVR.  20 CFS.. 51 PCT OF  39 CFS AVG
W WALKER RVR ABV TOPAZ RSVR......  25 CFS.. 32 PCT OF  78 CFS AVG
W WALKER RVR BLW TOPAZ RSVR......  16 CFS.. 30 PCT OF  53 CFS AVG
WALKER RIVER NEAR MASON..........  47 CFS.. 38 PCT OF 122 CFS AVG
WALKER RVR NR WABUSKA............  14 CFS.. 12 PCT OF 114 CFS AVG
WALKER RVR BLW WEBER DAM NR SCHURZ  0 CFS... 0 PCT OF 139 CFS AVG

G/ HUMBOLDT RIVER BASIN...
IN EARLY JANUARY...STORAGE ON RYE PATCH RESERVOIR WAS 9164 ACRE
FEET...5 PERCENT OF CAPACITY...OR 11 PCT OF THE DECEMBER 31 AVERAGE.

JANUARY 21 FLOWS AT VARIOUS POINTS ON THE HUMBOLDT RIVER BASIN WERE
AS FOLLOWS...

MARYS RVR NR DEETH...........  4 CFS......   19 PCT OF THE   21 CFS AVG
HUMBOLDT RVR NR CARLIN....... 25 CFS......   17 PCT OF THE  147 CFS AVG
HUMBOLDT RVR AT PALISADE.....122 CFS......   81 PCT OF THE  151 CFS AVG
HUMBOLDT RVR AT BATTLE MTN .. 92 CFS......   43 PCT OF THE  216 CFS AVG
HUMBOLDT RVR AT COMUS....... 100*CFS......   61 PCT OF THE  165 CFS AVG
             * DATA QUESTIONABLE DUE TO ICE EFFECTS
HUMBOLDT RVR AT IMLAY.......   0 CFS......    0 PCT OF THE  123 CFS AVG
HUMBOLDT BLW RYE PATCH DAM.. 0.5 CFS......    1 PCT OF THE   70 CFS AVG

H/ JARBIDGE RIVER...
ON JANUARY 21...FLOWS ON THE JARBIDGE RIVER AT JARBIDGE NEVADA WERE
NOT AVAILABLE DUE TO ICE.

I/ OWYHEE RIVER...
ON JANUARY 21...STORAGE ON WILDHORSE RESERVOIR WAS 11700 AF...16
PERCENT OF CAPACITY AND 35 PERCENT OF THE JANUARY 31 AVERAGE.

J/ SOUTHERN NEVADA...
JANUARY 21 STORAGE ON LAKE MEAD WAS 10794 THOUSAND AF...41 PERCENT
OF CAPACITY...AND 53 PERCENT OF THE JANUARY 31 AVERAGE.

ON JANUARY 21 THE FLOW ON THE COLORADO RIVER NEAR GRAND CANYON
ARIZONA ABOVE LAKE MEAD WAS APPROXIMATELY 16000 CFS...147 PCT OF THE
AVERAGE OF 10900 CFS FOR THIS DATE. THE FLOW ON THE VIRGIN RIVER
ABOVE LAKE MEAD NEAR OVERTON WAS NOT AVAILABLE DUE TO ACCESS
CONCERNS. THE JANUARY 21 FLOW ON THE MUDDY RIVER NEAR GLENDALE
NEVADA WAS 24 CFS...52 PCT OF THE AVERAGE OF 46 CFS FOR THIS DATE.

6/ LONG RANGE WEATHER OUTLOOK FOR NEVADA...FROM THE NATIONAL WEATHER
SERVICE CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER...

THE OUTLOOK FOR THE MONTHS OF FEBRUARY THROUGH APRIL IS FOR ABOVE
NORMAL TEMPERATURES FOR ALL OF NEVADA. THE PRECIPITATION OUTLOOK IS
FOR ABOVE NORMAL PRECIPITATION ACROSS THE SOUTHERN HALF OF
NEVADA...GENERALLY SOUTH OF HIGHWAY 50. THE REMAINDER OF THE AREA IS
FORECAST TO HAVE EQUAL CHANCES OF ABOVE...NEAR AND BELOW NORMAL
PRECIPITATION.

NEXT ISSUANCE DATE...
THIS DROUGHT STATEMENT WILL BE UPDATED IN MID FEBRUARY.

&&

RELATED WEB SITES...
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ON CURRENT DROUGHT AND HYDROLOGIC CONDITIONS
MAY BE FOUND AT THE FOLLOWING WEB ADDRESSES /USE LOWER CASE LETTERS.

U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR.........................  DROUGHTMONITOR.UNL.EDU
NOAA DROUGHT PAGE...WHICH INCLUDES DROUGHT MONITOR......  DROUGHT.GOV
CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER.....................  WWW.CPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV

NWS ADVANCED HYDROLOGIC PREDICTION SERVICE...  WATER.WEATHER.GOV/AHPS
USGS HYDROLOGIC MONITORING.....................  WATERWATCH.USGS.GOV

NWS CALIFORNIA NEVADA RIVER FORECAST CENTER......  WWW.CNRFC.NOAA.GOV

NWS NORTHWEST RIVER FORECAST CENTER...........
WWW.NWRFC.NOAA.GOV/WS/

NWS COLORADO BASIN RIVER FORECAST CENTER........  WWW.CBRFC.NOAA.GOV/

NEVADA NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE...
WWW.NV.NRCS.USDA.GOV/SNOW/

NWS CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER LONG RANGE OUTLOOK MAPS...
WWW.CPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV/PRODUCTS/FORECASTS/

NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE...
HTTP://WWW.NV.NRCS.USDA.GOV/SNOW/INDEX.HTML

CALIFORNIA DEPT. OF WATER RESOURCES............ CDEC.WATER.CA.GOV/
CALIFORNIA WATER CONDITIONS..... WWW.WATER.CA.GOV/WATERCONDITIONS/
ASSOCIATION OF CALIFORNIA WATER AGENCIES...........  WWW.ACWA.COM

NEVADA DIVISION OF WATER RESOURCES.................. WATER.NV.GOV/
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE RENO................... WEATHER.GOV/RENO
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE ELKO..................  WEATHER.GOV/ELKO
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE LAS VEGAS.........  WEATHER.GOV/LASVEGAS

TRUCKEE MEADOWS WATER AUTHORITY........................  TMWA.COM
SOUTHERN NEVADA WATER AUTHORITY........................  SNWA.COM
LAS VEGAS VALLEY WATER DISTRICT........................ LVVWD.COM

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE.........  WWW.USDA.GOV/DROUGHT U.S.
DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE FARM SERVICES AGENCY... WWW.FSA.USDA.GOV

U.S. FOREST SERVICE WILDFIRE ASSESSMENT SYSTEM FIRE DANGER CLASS...
HTTP://WWW.WFAS.NET/IMAGES/FIREDANGER/FD_CLASS.PNG

NATIONAL SIGNIFICANT WILDLAND FIRE POTENTIAL OUTLOOK...
HTTP://WWW.PREDICTIVESERVICES.NIFC.GOV/OUTLOOKS/MONTHLY_
SEASONAL_OUTLOOK.PDF

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS...
THE DROUGHT MONITOR IS A SYNTHESIS OF MULTIPLE DROUGHT INDICES AND
IMPACTS THAT REPRESENTS A CONSENSUS OF SCIENTISTS IN MANY
FEDERAL...STATE AND LOCAL AGENCIES...AS WELL AS PRIVATE FIRMS.  THE
DROUGHT MONITOR IS USED NATIONWIDE BY THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF
AGRICULTURE TO DETERMINE DROUGHT SEVERITY...TO DECLARE DROUGHT AND
IS THE MECHANISM USED TO PROVIDE AID TO THE AGRICULTURAL COMMUNITY.

INFORMATION FOR THIS STATEMENT HAS BEEN GATHERED FROM NWS AND U.S.
GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OBSERVATION SITES...US BLM...CALIFORNIA AND NEVADA
DIVISIONS OF WATER RESOURCES AND STATE CLIMATOLOGISTS...NEVADA
DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE...PERSHING COUNTY WATER CONSERVATION
DISTRICT...WALKER RIVER IRRIGATION DISTRICT...WALKER RIVER PAIUTE
TRIBE...FEDERAL WATER MASTERS...TRUCKEE/CARSON IRRIGATION
DISTRICT...AND NWS OFFICES IN RENO...ELKO AND LAS VEGAS.

QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS...
IF YOU HAVE ANY QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS ABOUT THIS DROUGHT INFORMATION
STATEMENT PLEASE CONTACT...

NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE
2350 RAGGIO PKWY
RENO NV 89512
PHONE...775-673-8100
WEATHER.GOV/RENO
REV.WEBMASTER@NOAA.GOV




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