Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS New Orleans/Baton Rouge, LA

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662
FXUS64 KLIX 132143
AFDLIX

AREA FORECAST DISCUSSION
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE NEW ORLEANS LA
443 PM CDT SUN APR 13 2014

.SHORT TERM...
A BREEZY AND WARM DAY FOR THE END OF THE WEEKEND. LATEST VISIBLE
SATELLITE IMAGERY SHOWS A LARGE CU FIELD ALIGNED IN CLOUD STREETS
OVER THE FORECAST AREA. DEEP MOISTURE RETURN FLOW OUT OF THE GULF
IS STILL ONGOING ACROSS THE REGION THIS AFTERNOON AND EVENING
SETTING UP THE STAGE FOR A POSSIBLE SEVERE WEATHER EVENT FOR THE
DEEP SOUTH FOR TONIGHT INTO TOMORROW. LOOKING OUT ACROSS THE
PLAINS THE LEAD SHORT WAVE HAS SPARKED OFF SOME STRONG TO SEVERE
THUNDERSTORMS ACROSS KANSAS AND OKLAHOMA. NEW RUNS OF SOME
MESOSCALE GUIDANCE SUGGESTS THAT THESE STORMS SHOULD CONTINUE TO
DEVELOP AND AS THE SHORT WAVE PULLS NORTHEAST THE CONVECTION LOOKS
TO DIMINISH ON THE SOUTHERN END...WHICH MEANS THAT OUR AREA COULD
BE MISSED BY THE FIRST ROUND OF CONVECTION TONIGHT. MULTIPLE FORMS
OF GUIDANCE SUGGESTS THIS WOULD OCCUR SO HAVE TRIMMED DOWN POPS
ACROSS THE FORECAST AREA TONIGHT AND WILL ON INCLUDE A SLIGHT
CHANCE OF THUNDERSTORMS FOR THE NORTHWESTERN PORTIONS OF OUR
FORECAST AREA TONIGHT. HOWEVER...THE ATMOSPHERE WILL STILL BE
CONDUCIVE FOR SEVERE WEATHER TONIGHT SO ANY THUNDERSTORMS THAT
COULD GET GOING WILL HAVE THE RIGHT CONDITIONS TO BECOME SEVERE.
LOOKING AT THE SOUNDINGS TONIGHT THE HELICITY VALUES...SHEAR AND
INSTABILITY WOULD SUPPORT THE THREATS OF DAMAGING WINDS AND
TORNADOES. THERE ARE SOME DIFFERENCES ON THE STRENGTH OF THE
CAPPING INVERSION TONIGHT SO THIS WILL NEED TO MONITORED. THE BEST
CHANCES OF STORMS OVERNIGHT WILL BE NORTH OF I-12 UP INTO SOUTHERN
MISSISSIPPI.

OUR CHANCES FOR THUNDERSTORMS IN THE IMMEDIATE FORECAST AREA LOOK
TO COME WITH THE SECOND SHORTWAVE/COLD FRONT TOMORROW AFTERNOON
THROUGH TUESDAY MORNING. THE STORM PREDICTION CENTER MAINTAINS A
SLIGHT RISK FOR SEVERE WEATHER ACROSS THE ENTIRE AREA FOR MONDAY. IT
LOOKS LIKE THE SECOND SHORTWAVE IS DIGGING DOWN INTO THE FOUR
CORNERS REGION OF THE COUNTRY AS I AM WRITING THIS DISCUSSION.
THIS SHOULD KICK OUT OVER THE AREA BY TOMORROW AFTERNOON/EVENING
AND KICK OFF ANOTHER ROUND OF SHOWERS AND THUNDERSTORMS. THE
DIFFERENCE WITH THIS PARTICULAR ROUND WOULD BE THAT THE LOW LEVEL
SHEAR AND HELICITY WOULD NOT BE AS STRONG...BUT THE INSTABILITY
AND PRECIPITABLE WATER VALUES WILL BE HIGH. PRECIPITABLE WATER
VALUES WILL BE IN THE 1.6 TO 1.9 INCH RANGE AND THE WARM CLOUD
LAYER DEPTH TOMORROW EVENING WILL BE OVER 10K FEET AND THIS WOULD
SUGGEST THAT HEAVY RAINFALL SHOULD OCCUR WITH THESE THUNDERSTORMS.
FLASH FLOODING WILL BE A THREAT ESPECIALLY MONDAY EVENING AS
LOCALLY HEAVY RAINFALL IS LIKELY TO OCCUR DUE TO THE POTENTIAL FOR
STATIONARY BANDS OF STRONGER CONVECTION DUE TO BACK-BUILDING. WILL
HAVE TO MONITOR THE FLOODING THREAT AS THE EVENT UNFOLDS MONDAY.
INSTABILITY WILL BE ANOTHER ATTRIBUTE TO WATCH TOMORROW BECAUSE
THE AMOUNT OF INSTABILITY WILL HINGE ON THE MORNING CLOUD COVER AND
WHAT THE FIRST ROUND OF CONVECTION DOES TO THE ATMOSPHERE. RIGHT
NOW THE THINKING IS THAT WE WILL CATCH SOME BREAKS IN THE CLOUD
COVER AND SHOULD MISS MOST OF THE CONVECTION TONIGHT AND IN TURN
THAT WOULD ALLOW FOR DESTABILIZATION TO OCCUR TOMORROW BEFORE THE
FORCING COMES WITH THE SHORTWAVE/COLD FRONT. THIS WOULD MEAN THAT
CAPE VALUES COULD TOP OUT AROUND 2500 J/KG ACROSS THE FORECAST
AREA. THAT IS PLENTY OF INSTABILITY TO GET SEVERE CONVECTION GOING
MONDAY AFTERNOON AND EVENING. THE MAIN THREATS TOMORROW LOOK TO BE
STRONG STRAIGHT LINE WINDS...HEAVY RAIN AND HAIL WITH DEEPER
CONVECTION. ALL INTERESTS IN OUR AREA SHOULD STAY ABREAST OF THE
WEATHER CONDITIONS TONIGHT AND ESPECIALLY MONDAY AS THE EVENT
UNFOLDS. MONITOR OUR WEB SITE AND SOCIAL MEDIA PAGES FOR THE
LATEST INFORMATION. 13/MH


.LONG TERM...
THE COLD FRONT SHOULD PUSH THROUGH THE AREA MONDAY NIGHT AND CLOUD
COVER WILL DECREASE TUESDAY MORNING. COLDER AIR WILL PUSH INTO THE
AREA ON TUESDAY AS TEMPERATURES WILL HAVE A HARD TIME GETTING OUT
OF THE LOWER 60S BUT THE BIG THING TO WATCH ARE THE OVERNIGHT
LOWS TUESDAY NIGHT INTO WEDNESDAY MORNING AS PORTIONS OF THE
NORTHSHORE AND SOUTHERN MISSISSIPPI COULD DIP INTO THE MID 30S.
WILL STILL HAVE TO MONITOR THIS AS LOW TEMPERATURE RECORDS ARE IN
THE 30S OVER NORTHERN HALF OF THE AREA AT MID WEEK. MEDIUM RANGE
MODELS CONTINUE TO HAVE DIFFICULTY RESOLVING IMPULSES MOVING
THROUGH NORTHERN AND CENTRAL PORTIONS OF THE COUNTRY. ECMWF
SOLUTION CONTINUES TO BE MAINLY DRY FOR NEXT WEEKEND...WHILE GFS
PUSHES A COLD FRONT THROUGH THE AREA ON FRIDAY. WILL MAINTAIN
FORECAST FROM PREVIOUS PACKAGE AS THERE ARE NO MAJOR CHANGES THAT
NEED TO BE MADE. 13/MH

&&

.AVIATION...
MVFR TO VFR CONDITIONS WILL CONTINUE THIS AFTERNOON AND EARLY THIS
EVENING. A MOIST LOW LEVELS SHOULD CREATE LOW CIGS TO MVFR OR IFR
LATER THIS EVENING AND OVERNIGHT INTO MONDAY MORNING. STRONG
SURFACE WINDS OF 7 TO 15 KNOTS WILL KEEP VISIBILITY RESTRICTIONS
TO NIL DUE TO FOG. HOWEVER...VISIBILITY RESTRICTION MAY OCCUR BE DUE
TO ISOLATED TO SCATTERED THUNDERSTORMS NEAR OR AT TAF SITES FROM
10Z TO 14Z MONDAY MORNING. LATER TAF PACKAGE AT 00Z THIS EVENING
WILL HAVE TO CONSIDER PREVAILING TSRA TO THE TAFS AFTER 18Z
MONDAY FOR SOME TAF SITES. 18

&&

.MARINE...
ONSHORE FLOW WILL CONTINUE TONIGHT AHEAD OF A COLD FRONT THAT
SHOULD MOVE INTO THE COASTAL WATERS MONDAY NIGHT. WINDS HAVE BEEN
ELEVATED THROUGHOUT THE DAY AND THAT HAD PROMPTED EXERCISE
CAUTION CONDITIONS FOR ALL OF THE COASTAL WATERS THROUGH MONDAY
MORNING. WILL HAVE TO MONITOR CONDITIONS FOR AN EXTENSION THROUGH
MONDAY AFTERNOON. A SMALL CRAFT ADVISORY DEFINITELY WILL BE
NEEDED BEHIND THE COLD FRONT MONDAY NIGHT THROUGH TUESDAY NIGHT AS
COLD AIR ADVECTION WILL TAKE HOLD OF THE REGION. NOT TOTALLY OUT OF THE
QUESTION THAT A SHORT GALE WARNING COULD BE NEEDED AT SOME POINT
ON TUESDAY MORNING. WINDS WILL EASE WEDNESDAY MORNING BEFORE
MODERATE ONSHORE FLOW RETURNS ON THURSDAY. NEXT FRONT DUE ON
FRIDAY WITH ADDITIONAL HEADLINES LIKELY. 13/MH


&&

.DECISION SUPPORT...
DSS CODE...BLUE.
DEPLOYED...NONE.
ACTIVATION...NONE.
ACTIVITIES...SLURRY SUPPORT
             MONITORING RIVER FLOODING.

DECISION SUPPORT SERVICES (DSS) CODE LEGEND
GREEN  = NO WEATHER IMPACTS THAT REQUIRE ACTION
BLUE   = LONG FUSED WATCH/WARNING/ADVISORY IN EFFECT OR HIGH
         VISIBILITY EVENT
YELLOW = HEIGHTENED IMPACTS WITH SHORT FUSED
         WATCH/WARNING/ADVISORY ISSUANCES; RADAR SUPPORT
ORANGE = HIGH IMPACTS - SLIGHT TO MODERATE RISK SEVERE; NEARBY
         TROPICAL EVENTS; HAZMAT OR OTHER LARGE EPISODES
RED    = FULL ENGAGEMENT FOR MODERATE TO HIGH RISK SVR
         AND/OR DIRECT TROPICAL THREATS; EVENTS OF NATIONAL
         SIGNIFICANCE

&&

.PRELIMINARY POINT TEMPS/POPS...
MCB  69  79  44  58 /  40 100  80  10
BTR  69  80  47  61 /  40 100  70  10
ASD  69  80  49  62 /  10 100  90  10
MSY  70  80  50  61 /  10 100  80  10
GPT  70  78  51  62 /  10 100  90  20
PQL  67  78  53  62 /  10 100  90  20

&&

.LIX WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
LA...NONE.
GM...NONE.
MS...NONE.
GM...NONE.
&&

$$







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