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The July 25-26, 2013 Flash Flooding Event

Synopsis

The combination of a very moist airmass, unstable air, fairly strong wind shear for late July, and a potent low pressure disturbance allowed for widespread showers and thunderstorms across much of Oklahoma and parts of western north Texas (see image below). Surface dewpoints were generally in the upper 60s to lower 70s. Precipitable water values were over 2 inches, above the 99th percentile for late July. The air was unstable with MLCAPE 1000-2500 J/kg. The low pressure disturbance helped to lift the moist unstable air.

Climatology of Precipitable Water (PWAT)
Climatology of Precipitable Water (PWAT)
12Z (7am) Environmental Sounding
12Z (7am) Environmental Sounding

The showers and storms moved southeast throughout the night, moving into deeper moisture. These showers and storms became very efficient at producing heavy rain. Rainfall rates were generally 1-3 inches per hour in the heaviest bands, though unusually high rates up to 9 inches per hour were observed. These rates overwhelmed drainage systems and small ditches and waterways, causing flash flooding with impassable roadways and numerous water rescues 3-9 am near the Oklahoma City metro and Lawton areas. A few severe thunderstorms occurred near Weatherford and Lawton, producing hail up to the size of golf balls and 60-65 mph winds.

Fast Facts

  • Oklahoma City ASOS at Will Rogers Airport set a new daily record of 3.53 inches of rainfall for July 26th with records dating back to 1890.

  • Oklahoma City ASOS at Will Rogers Airport recorded an amazing 1.09 inch of rainfall in 7 minutes with a rate of 9.34 inches per hour.

  • Lawton Fort Sill ASOS recorded 5.58 inches of rainfall 7 pm July 25 - 7 pm July 26, while the Lawton Airport ASOS recorded 4.44 inches of rainfall.

  • Walters, Oklahoma Mesonet site recorded 3.36 inches in one hour, 350-450 am.

Rainfall Totals

This image shows the total precipitation from 5 AM CDT July 25 to 5 AM CDT July 27. Much of the higher amounts fell in as little as 2 to 4 hours.

48-hour Rainfall Total in Oklahoma from 5 AM CDT on 7/25/2013 - 5 AM CDT on 7/25/2013

Local Storm Reports

Flash Flood Summary:

NWUS54 KOUN 261353
LSROUN

PRELIMINARY LOCAL STORM REPORT
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE NORMAN OK
853 AM CDT FRI JUL 26 2013

..TIME... ...EVENT... ...CITY LOCATION... ...LAT.LON...
..DATE... ....MAG.... ..COUNTY LOCATION..ST.. ...SOURCE....
..REMARKS..

0550 AM FLASH FLOOD 2 WSW VALLEY BROOK 35.39N 97.51W
07/26/2013 OKLAHOMA OK BROADCAST MEDIA

KWTV REPORTS I-240 AND SANTA FE FLOODED...WITH UP TO 1
FOOT OF WATER COVERING ROADWAYS AND WATER UP TO CAR
BUMPERS.

0620 AM FLASH FLOOD 3 NE WILL ROGERS AIRPOR 35.44N 97.57W
07/26/2013 OKLAHOMA OK BROADCAST MEDIA

KOCO REPORTS SW 29TH AND MAY AVE FLOODED WITH 1 TO 2 FEET
OF WATER WITH 4 TO 5 CARS FLOODED/STALLED.

0626 AM FLASH FLOOD LAWTON 34.60N 98.42W
07/26/2013 COMANCHE OK BROADCAST MEDIA

KSWO 7 NEWS IN LAWTON REPORTED NUMEROUS
ROADS/INTERSECTIONS CLOSED IN AND AROUND THE LAWTON/FT.
SILL AREA DUE TO FLASH FLOODING.

0641 AM FLASH FLOOD 2 SW OKLAHOMA CITY 35.44N 97.55W
07/26/2013 OKLAHOMA OK STORM CHASER

STORM CHASER/MEDIA PHOTOGRAPHER REPORTS INTERSECTION OF
SW 20TH AND PENN FLOODED...UP TO 1 FOOT OF WATER.

0656 AM FLASH FLOOD 3 W NORMAN 35.22N 97.50W
07/26/2013 CLEVELAND OK PUBLIC

PUBLIC REPORTS W MAIN ST CLOSED DUE TO FLASH FLOODING
BETWEEN NW 36TH AND 48TH. NW 36TH CLOSED SOUTH OF W MAIN
STREET DUE TO FLOODING...STALLED CARS.

0700 AM FLASH FLOOD 1 SSW NORMAN 35.20N 97.45W
07/26/2013 CLEVELAND OK BROADCAST MEDIA

KWTV REPORTS INTERSECTION OF ELM AND LINDSEY FLOODED WITH
1 TO 2 FEET OF WATER.

0700 AM FLASH FLOOD 1 SSE NORMAN 35.21N 97.44W
07/26/2013 CLEVELAND OK NWS EMPLOYEE

NWS EMPLOYEE REPORTS THE INTERSECTION OF BOYD AND CLASSEN
FLOODED WITH 1 TO 2 FEET OF WATER.

0700 AM FLASH FLOOD 1 S NOBLE 35.12N 97.39W
07/26/2013 CLEVELAND OK NWS EMPLOYEE

NWS EMPLOYEE REPORTS WATER OVER HIGHWAY 77 IN SOUTH
NOBLE.


&&

$$

JTK

Regional Precipitation Summary:

ASUS64 KOUN 270317
RTPOK

OKLAHOMA TEMPERATURE AND PRECIPITATION TABLE
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE NORMAN OK
732 PM CDT FRI JUL 26 2013

VALUES REPRESENT 18 HOUR HIGH... 18 HOUR LOW
AND PRECIPITATION OVER THE LAST 24 HOURS
ENDING AT 7 PM CDT

.BR OUN 0726 C DH19/TAIRZS/TAIRZI/PPDRZZ
:
:                                  HIGH   LOW   PCPN
:
:...WESTERN OKLAHOMA AND WESTERN NORTH TEXAS...
LTS : ALTUS AFB                  :  88 /  72 /   .06
CSM : CLINTON                    :  87 /  69 /  1.17
FDR : FREDERICK                  :  88 /  72 /   .40
GAG : GAGE                       :  89 /  67 / TRACE
GUY : GUYMON                     :  88 /  64 /   .15
HBR : HOBART                     :  87 /  70 /  2.04
LAW : LAWTON/AIRPORT             :  87 /  71 /  4.44
FSI : LAWTON/FORT SILL           :  86 /  72 /  5.58
SPS : WICHITA FALLS              :  88 /  73 /   .35
:
:...NORTHERN AND CENTRAL OKLAHOMA...
GOK : GUTHRIE                    :  86 /  72 /  1.08
OKC : OKLAHOMA CITY/WILL ROGERS  :  85 /  71 /  3.55
PWA : OKLAHOMA CITY/WILEY POST   :  83 /  69 /  2.67
TIK : OKLAHOMA CITY/TINKER AFB   :  82 /  70 /  2.13
PNC : PONCA CITY                 :  88 /  70 /   .22
SWO : STILLWATER                 :  85 /  71 /  1.30
:
:...EASTERN OKLAHOMA...
BVO : BARTLESVILLE               :  82 /  71 /  1.45
MLC : MCALESTER                  :  79 /  71 /  1.54
MKO : MUSKOGEE                   :  78 /  71 /   .42  ...PCPN ESTIMATED...
TUL : TULSA/INTL AIRPORT         :  82 /  71 /   .81
RVS : TULSA/JONES AIRPORT        :  83 /  73 /   .52
.END

THESE DATA ARE PRELIMINARY AND HAVE NOT UNDERGONE FINAL
QUALITY CONTROL BY THE NATIONAL CLIMATIC DATA CENTER
/NCDC/. THEREFORE THESE DATA ARE SUBJECT TO REVISION.
FINAL AND CERTIFIED CLIMATE DATA CAN BE ACCESSED AT
WWW.NCDC.NOAA.GOV.

Photos

Flooding in Grady County Flooding in Grady County Flooding in Grady County

Images above from Grady County. Photos courtesy of Pattie Anderson

Flooding in Cotton County on July 27, 2013

Image above from Cotton County. Photo courtesy of Bryan Goode

 


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