NOUS42 KMLB 031208
PNSMLB
FLZ041-044>047-053-054-058-059-064-141-144-147-040500-

PUBLIC INFORMATION STATEMENT
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE MELBOURNE FL
702 AM EST THU FEB 3 2011

...FEBRUARY 3 IS HURRICANE AND FLOODING AWARENESS DAY...

EAST CENTRAL FLORIDA ESCAPED SIGNIFICANT EFFECTS FROM HURRICANES IN
2010. HOWEVER...THE SEVERE IMPACTS FROM THE WIDESPREAD HISTORICAL
FLOODING CAUSED BY TROPICAL STORM FAY IN AUGUST 2008 SERVES AS A
STARK REMINDER THAT FRESH WATER FLOODING FROM TROPICAL STORMS CAN
PRODUCE DEVASTATION ON AN EQUAL OR GREATER SCALE THAN FROM
HURRICANES.

ON AVERAGE...A HURRICANE WILL PASS WITHIN 65 MILES OF THE EAST
CENTRAL FLORIDA COAST EVERY 6 TO 10 YEARS. WHILE HURRICANE STRIKES
ARE NOT ALWAYS A YEARLY OCCURRENCE...EAST CENTRAL FLORIDA WILL BE
SIGNIFICANTLY THREATENED BY A HURRICANE A FEW TIMES EACH DECADE.
REGARDLESS OF THE SHORT OR LONG TERM OUTLOOK...CENTRAL FLORIDIANS
NEED TO BE PREPARED EVERY YEAR. AS FAY ILLUSTRATED...IT ONLY TAKES
THE EFFECTS FROM ONE TROPICAL CYCLONE TO SIGNIFICANTLY IMPACT THE
AREA.

NOW IS THE TIME TO BEGIN TO PREPARE FOR THE 2011 HURRICANE SEASON.
DEVELOP A HURRICANE PLAN AND HAVE IT IN PLACE BEFORE A STORM
THREATENS. KNOW IF YOU LIVE IN A HURRICANE EVACUATION ZONE OR A
FEDERAL FLOOD ZONE. MAKE SURE YOU HAVE YOUR HURRICANE KIT STOCKED
WITH THE SUPPLIES SUCH AS SUCH AS BOTTLED WATER...CANNED FOODS AND
BATTERIES BEFORE THE START OF EACH SEASON. CONSIDER BUYING AND
INSTALLING HURRICANE SHUTTERS. WHEN A STORM THREATENS...PURCHASE GAS
AND TAKE OUT EXTRA CASH SINCE NEITHER MAY BE AVAILABLE FOR SEVERAL
DAYS FOLLOWING A TROPICAL CYCLONE. PLAN TO BUY ENOUGH PROVISIONS TO
LAST A MINIMUM OF THREE TO FIVE DAYS FOR EACH MEMBER OF YOUR
HOUSEHOLD.

REMEMBER A HURRICANE OR TROPICAL STORM IS MORE THAN JUST WIND.
TROPICAL CYCLONES BRING MULTIPLE HAZARDS...INCLUDING STORM SURGE...
POUNDING SURF...FRESH WATER FLOODING AND TORNADOES.
HISTORICALLY...WATER CAUSES MOST OF THE DEATHS IN HURRICANES. ABOUT
90 PERCENT OF ALL HURRICANE RELATED DEATHS OCCUR FROM
DROWNING...RESULTING FROM STORM SURGE OR FRESH WATER FLOODING. WHILE
STORM SURGE IS NOT PARTICULARLY EXTREME ALONG THE CENTRAL FLORIDA
ATLANTIC COAST...EROSION FREQUENTLY CAUSES BREACHES IN THE DUNE LINE
AND SEVERE LOSS OF BEACH AND SHORELINE PROPERTY. BARRIER ISLAND
RESIDENTS SHOULD HEED ADVICE FROM LOCAL OFFICIALS AND EVACUATE WHEN
A HURRICANE THREATENS. PEOPLE ARE ALSO URGED TO BE EXTREMELY
CAUTIOUS DURING THE STORMS AFTERMATH. PERSONS WHO SURVIVE THE
INITIAL PASSAGE OF A TROPICAL CYCLONE HAVE DIED AS A RESULT OF A
NUMBER OF FACTORS...INCLUDING CARBON MONOXIDE POISONING FROM
GENERATORS...ELECTROCUTION FROM DOWNED WIRES...SEVERE INJURIES
DURING DEBRIS REMOVAL AND MOTOR VEHICLE ACCIDENTS. EXTREME CARE MUST
BE USED WHEN USING GENERATORS. MAKE SURE TO RUN GENERATORS IN AN
OPEN OUTDOOR LOCATION...AND NEVER IN AN ENCLOSED AREA.

AS FAY CLEARLY SHOWED...THE FLAT TERRAIN OF THE AREA LENDS ITSELF TO
WIDESPREAD INUNDATION OF POORLY DRAINED AND LOW LYING AREAS DURING
HEAVY RAIN EVENTS...RATHER THAN THE FLASH FLOODING THAT OCCURS IN
OTHER PARTS OF THE COUNTRY. IT CAN ALSO PRODUCE SIGNIFICANT LONGER
LASTING IMPACTS. WATER CAN ENTER HOMES AND OTHER STRUCTURES...AS
WELL AS MAKE DRIVING EXTREMELY HAZARDOUS DUE TO FLOODED ROADS WHICH
CAN SOMETIMES OBSCURE CANALS. THIS FLOODING CAN LAST FOR DAYS...AND
IN AREAS NEAR THE SAINT JOHNS RIVER...THE FLOODING CAN PERSIST FOR
WEEKS. IF WATER IS COVERING A ROADWAY...DO NOT ASSUME THAT YOU CAN
DRIVE THROUGH IT. TURN AROUND...DONT DROWN.

FORTUNATELY...YOU CAN PLAN WELL IN ADVANCE FOR FLOODS. THE BEST
ADVICE IS TO HAVE FLOOD INSURANCE...SEPARATE FROM YOUR HOMEOWNERS
INSURANCE. KNOW IF YOU LIVE IN AN AREA THAT FLOODS FREQUENTLY FROM
HEAVY RAINS...BUT REMEMBER THAT YOU DONT NEED TO BE IN A FLOOD ZONE
TO EXPERIENCE FLOODING.

MONITOR NOAA WEATHER RADIO BEFORE...DURING AND AFTER AN EVENT TO
STAY ABREAST OF THE LATEST INFORMATION. YOU CAN ALSO VISIT THE
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE WEB SITE IN MELBOURNE AT
WEATHER.GOV/MELBOURNE WHERE THE LATEST HURRICANE AND FLOOD WATCHES
AND WARNINGS WILL BE AVAILABLE...ALONG WITH THE NATIONAL HURRICANE
CENTER FIVE DAY TROPICAL CYCLONE TRACK AND INTENSITY FORECASTS.

$$

MOSES/GLITTO


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