Area Forecast Discussion
Issued by NWS Midland/Odessa, TX

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577
FXUS64 KMAF 182224
AFDMAF

AREA FORECAST DISCUSSION
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE MIDLAND/ODESSA TX
524 PM CDT Mon May 18 2015

.DISCUSSION...

See 00Z Aviation Discussion below.

&&

.AVIATION...

Satellite imagery shows a very unstable AMS in place, w/strong
return flow advecting moisture into the region. Area radars show
convection going up along the Pecos River, producing mainly large
hail/+SHRA. This activity is expected to develop east over the
next few hrs, w/all terminals exposed. Forecast soundings develop
a few hrs of LIFR cigs KMAF/KCNM/KHOB/KINK, and MVFR KFST/KPEQ, near sunrise.

&&

.PREV DISCUSSION... /ISSUED 247 PM CDT MON MAY 18 2015/

DISCUSSION...
AN ACTIVE WEATHER PATTERN IS EXPECTED TO CONTINUE THROUGH THE
MEMORIAL DAY WEEKEND AS A SERIES OF UPPER LEVEL DISTURBANCES MOVE
ACROSS THE AREA.

IN THE SHORT TERM, OF PRIMARY CONCERN WILL BE THE POTENTIAL FOR
EXCESSIVE RAINFALL AND SEVERE WEATHER ACROSS PARTS OF SOUTHEAST
NEW MEXICO AND SOUTHWEST TEXAS.

THIS AFTERNOON, A GENERALLY SOUTHEAST FLOW WAS INCREASING MOISTURE
EAST OF THE MOUNTAINS WITH DEWPOINTS EXCEEDING 60 DEGREES PUSHING
THROUGH THE PECOS RIVER VALLEY AND INTO THE SOUTHERN PERMIAN
BASIN. COMBINED WITH ABUNDANT INSOLATION AND COOLING ALOFT, CAPE
VALUES ARE EXCEEDING 3000 THIS AFTERNOON. DAYTIME HEATING AND
UPSLOPE FLOW WILL BRING INITIAL CONVECTIVE DEVELOPMENT PRIMARILY
IN THE DAVIS MOUNTAINS AREA THIS AFTERNOON. WITH MODERATE SHEAR OF
40 KNOTS, DEVELOPMENT OF SUPERCELLS CAPABLE OF PRODUCING LARGE
HAIL AND DAMAGING WIND IS POSSIBLE. LFC LEVELS LESS THAN 2000M
SUGGEST THAT ISOLATED TORNADIC DEVELOPMENT ALSO POSSIBLE LATE THIS
AFTERNOON AND EARLY EVENING MAINLY WEST OF THE PECOS RIVER.

AS STORMS MOVE OFF THE HIGHER TERRAIN TOWARD THE NORTHEAST,
LOOKING FOR MERGING OF CELLS INTO A LARGER-SCALE COMPLEX AIDED BY
DEVELOPMENT OF A SOUTHEASTERLY LOW LEVEL JET THIS EVENING WHICH
WILL SUSTAIN INSTABILITY ACROSS THE AREA. HAIL AND DAMAGING WINDS
WILL REMAIN POSSIBLE AS THE SYSTEM MOVES INTO THE PERMIAN BASIN. A
SECONDARY WAVE OF THUNDERSTORMS IS EXPECTED AS A SHORTWAVE TROUGH
APPROACHES THE AREA LATE TONIGHT. WITH PRECIPITABLE WATER PROGGED
OVER 1.5 INCHES ACROSS MUCH OF THE PERMIAN BASIN, HEAVY AND
POTENTIALLY EXCESSIVE RAINFALL IS POSSIBLE MAINLY OVER THE CENTRAL
TO NORTHERN PERMIAN BASIN. PRECIPITATION IS EXPECTED EXIT EASTERN
PARTS OF THE PERMIAN BASIN BY MID-DAY TUESDAY. A FLASH FLOOD WATCH
WILL BE ISSUED FOR SOUTHEAST NEW MEXICO, THE UPPER TRANS-PECOS AND
THE PERMIAN BASIN FOR THIS AFTERNOON THROUGH MID-DAY TUESDAY.

AS DRIER AIR MIXES EAST TUESDAY, THE DRYLINE IS EXPECTED TO SET UP
NEAR THE TEXAS/NEW MEXICO BORDER TUESDAY AFTERNOON. UNSTABLE
CONDITIONS AND MODERATE SHEAR SUGGEST THE POTENTIAL FOR SEVERE
WEATHER ALONG AND EAST OF THE DRYLINE, THOUGH DEVELOPMENT MAY BE
INHIBITED IN THE WAKE OF DEPARTING SHORTWAVE AND MCS.

A COLD FRONT WILL PUSH INTO THE AREA WEDNESDAY, BRINGING CHANCES
FOR THUNDERSTORMS AGAIN MOSTLY TO EASTERN PARTS OF THE FORECAST
AREA, WHERE INSTABILITY WILL BE GREATEST. A MOIST RETURN FLOW
AHEAD OF THE NEXT SYSTEM WILL FUEL DEVELOPMENT OF SHOWERS AND
THUNDERSTORMS FRIDAY INTO SATURDAY.

&&

.MAF WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
NM...FLASH FLOOD WATCH through Tuesday morning FOR THE FOLLOWING
     ZONES... Central Lea County...Eddy County Plains...Northern
     Lea County...Southern Lea County.

TX...FLASH FLOOD WATCH through Tuesday afternoon FOR THE FOLLOWING
     ZONES... Andrews...Borden...Crane...Dawson...Ector...
     Gaines...Glasscock...Howard...Loving...Martin...Midland...
     Mitchell...Reagan...Reeves County and Upper Trans Pecos...
     Scurry...Upton...Ward...Winkler.


&&

$$

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