ZCZC LITWRKPNS
TTAA00 KLIT 151058
ARZ003>007-012>016-021>025-030>034-037>047-052>057-062>069-032000-

PUBLIC INFORMATION STATEMENT
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE LITTLE ROCK AR
600 AM CST MON MAR 3 2014

...TODAYS TOPIC FOR SEVERE WEATHER AWARENESS WEEK IS 
THUNDERSTORMS...

ARKANSAS GOVERNOR MIKE BEEBE HAS PROCLAIMED THE WEEK OF
MARCH 2ND THROUGH 8TH AS SEVERE WEATHER AWARENESS WEEK
IN ARKANSAS.

A DIFFERENT TOPIC WILL BE DISCUSSED EACH DAY...AND TODAYS TOPIC
IS THUNDERSTORMS.

AT ANY GIVEN MOMENT AROUND THE WORLD...APPROXIMATELY 1800
THUNDERSTORMS ARE OCCURRING. ALTHOUGH THUNDERSTORMS ARE RELATIVELY
SMALL...WHEN CONSIDERED ON A GLOBAL SCALE OF WEATHER...ALL
THUNDERSTORMS ARE DANGEROUS. LIGHTNING...FLASH FLOODS...HAIL...
STRAIGHT-LINE WINDS...AND TORNADOES ALL RESULT FROM THUNDERSTORMS.

A THUNDERSTORM IS CONSIDERED SEVERE WHEN IT PRODUCES WINDS OF AT
LEAST 58 MPH OR HAIL AT LEAST 1 INCH IN DIAMETER /THE SIZE OF A
QUARTER/. 

LIGHTNING IS A HAZARD IN ALL THUNDERSTORMS...WHETHER THEY ARE 
SEVERE OR NOT. WHILE THUNDER FRIGHTENS MANY PEOPLE...IT IS THE 
LIGHTNING THAT CAUSES DEATHS...INJURIES...AND DAMAGE. 
REMEMBER...IT IS THE LIGHTNING THAT PRODUCES THUNDER...SO 
WHENEVER THUNDER IS HEARD...DANGER IS PRESENT. IN ARKANSAS IN 
2013...NO LIGHTNING DEATHS OCCURRED...BUT SIX PEOPLE WERE
INJURED BY LIGHTNING.

FLASH FLOODS ARE ANOTHER THUNDERSTORM HAZARD. MOST DEATHS DUE TO
FLASH FLOODS OCCUR AT NIGHT...WHEN THE DANGER IS THE MOST 
DIFFICULT TO SEE. VEHICLES BEING DRIVEN INTO FLOODED AREAS RESULT 
IN THE GREATEST NUMBER OF FLASH FLOOD DEATHS. IN ARKANSAS IN 
2013...6 PEOPLE LOST THEIR LIVES TO FLASH FLOODS...ALL ON MAY 31ST.
FIVE OF THE FATALITIES OCCURRED AT Y CITY IN SCOTT COUNTY.

LARGE HAIL...ON AVERAGE...CAUSES NEARLY ONE BILLION DOLLARS IN 
DAMAGE IN THE U.S. EACH YEAR. SOME INJURIES DUE TO LARGE HAIL 
OCCUR IN THIS COUNTRY EACH YEAR...BUT DEATHS FROM HAIL ARE 
RELATIVELY RARE. ANIMALS FARE FAR WORSE THAN HUMANS. THE LARGEST
HAILSTONES REPORTED IN ARKANSAS DURING 2013 WERE 2 INCHES IN
DIAMETER IN THE WARREN AREA ON MAY 21ST.
 
STRAIGHT-LINE WINDS PRODUCED BY THUNDERSTORMS CAUSED ONE DEATH
AND SEVEN REPORTED INJURIES IN ARKANSAS LAST YEAR. TYPICALLY EACH 
YEAR IN ARKANSAS...THE STRONGEST WINDS REPORTED FROM THUNDERSTORMS 
ARE BETWEEN 75 AND 100 MPH. THE STRONGEST THUNDERSTORM WINDS 
REPORTED IN ARKANSAS LAST YEAR WERE 100 MPH IN THE HORSESHOE BEND
AREA OF IZARD COUNTY. ALTOGETHER...THERE WERE 17 INSTANCES OF 
THUNDERSTORM WINDS OF AT LEAST 80 MPH IN ARKANSAS DURING 2013.

FINALLY...TORNADOES ARE SPAWNED BY THUNDERSTORMS. IN AN AVERAGE
YEAR...33 TORNADOES WOULD BE EXPECTED IN ARKANSAS...WITH THESE
TORNADOES CAUSING FOUR DEATHS. IN 2013...ARKANSAS EXPERIENCED 
34 TORNADOES...AND THERE WERE TWO TORNADO FATALITIES. TORNADOES 
WILL BE DISCUSSED MORE IN DEPTH ON WEDNESDAY.

...SOME THUNDERSTORM SAFETY RULES...

KNOW THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN A WATCH AND A WARNING. THE NATIONAL
WEATHER SERVICE ISSUES WATCHES WHEN CONDITIONS ARE FAVORABLE FOR
THE DEVELOPMENT OF SEVERE WEATHER. WARNINGS ARE RESERVED FOR
CASES WHERE SEVERE WEATHER IS IMMINENT OR OCCURRING.

MAKE SURE THAT YOU HAVE A SOURCE TO RECEIVE THE LATEST 
INFORMATION...SUCH AS NOAA WEATHER RADIO ALL HAZARDS...OR 
COMMERCIAL RADIO OR TV STATIONS OR CABLE TV. OTHER SOURCES OF
WARNING INFORMATION CAN INCLUDE TELEPHONE NOTIFICATION SERVICES 
TO WHICH PEOPLE SUBSCRIBE...PAGERS...CELL PHONES...
AND PERSONAL DIGITAL ASSISTANTS.

REMEMBER...IF YOU CAN HEAR THUNDER...YOU ARE IN DANGER FROM
LIGHTNING. GO TO SHELTER IMMEDIATELY. YOU SHOULD MOVE TO A STURDY
BUILDING OR GET INSIDE A HARD-TOP CAR AND KEEP THE WINDOWS 
ROLLED UP.

DO NOT TAKE SHELTER IN SMALL SHEDS...UNDER ISOLATED TREES...OR IN
CONVERTIBLE CARS.

IF YOU ARE IN THE WATER...GET OUT IMMEDIATELY. IF YOU ARE IN A
BOAT...HEAD TOWARD SAFE HARBOR.

TELEPHONE LINES AND METAL PIPES CAN CONDUCT ELECTRICITY. UNPLUG 
ANY APPLIANCES NOT NECESSARY TO RECEIVE WEATHER INFORMATION. 
DO NOT USE ELECTRICAL APPLIANCES. DO NOT USE CORDED PHONES...
EXCEPT IN EMERGENCIES.

STAY OUT OF THE BATHTUB OR SHOWER.

GET OFF THE GOLF COURSE. STAY AWAY FROM METAL FENCES AND POLES.

IF YOU ARE IN THE WOODS...TAKE SHELTER UNDER THE SHORTER TREES.

&&

NOTES FOR THE NEWS MEDIA...
THE NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE IN LITTLE ROCK WILL NOT CONDUCT 
A TORNADO DRILL THIS YEAR. THERE ARE NOW SO MANY DIFFERENT MEANS 
OF RELAYING WARNING INFORMATION...INCLUDING CELL PHONES...PERSONAL 
DIGITAL ASSISTANTS...AND PAGERS...IN ADDITION TO RADIO...
TELEVISION...CABLE AND SATELLITE TV...AND NOAA WEATHER RADIO ALL 
HAZARDS...THAT IT IS IMPOSSIBLE TO NOTIFY EVERYONE THAT THERE WILL 
BE A DRILL. IN ADDITION...SOME COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEMS RELAY A DRILL 
AS THOUGH IT IS A REAL WARNING. THUS...SOME PEOPLE INVARIABLY THINK 
THAT THE DRILL IS A REAL TORNADO WARNING AND ARE UPSET WHEN THEY FIND 
OUT THAT IT IS NOT. 

FOR SCHOOLS...NURSING HOMES...HOSPITALS...AND OTHERS WHO WOULD
LIKE TO CONDUCT A DRILL...IT IS SUGGESTED THAT THE DRILL TAKE PLACE
WHEN THE NOAA WEATHER RADIO ALARM IS SOUNDED DURING THE ROUTINE
WEEKLY TEST OF THE WEATHER RADIO. THIS TEST IS ON WEDNESDAY BETWEEN 
11 AM AND NOON. IN THE EVENT OF THREATENING WEATHER ON WEDNESDAY...
THE TEST IS POSTPONED UNTIL THE NEXT GOOD WEATHER DAY. THE WEEKLY
TEST MESSAGE WILL INCLUDE AN ANNOUNCEMENT STATING THAT THOSE 
WISHING TO DO A TORNADO DRILL MAY WANT TO BEGIN IT AT THAT TIME.

FOR A LIST OF ALL THE TORNADOES AND OTHER SIGNIFICANT WEATHER
EVENTS THAT OCCURRED IN 2013...
 
HTTP://WWW.SRH.NOAA.GOV/IMAGES/LZK/PDF/STORMSOF2013.PDF

$$

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