Early-Mid January Heavy Rainfall Event
Lake Charles 88D image of total rainfall through noon Saturday
Lake Charles Doppler Radar estimate of total rainfall through Saturday morning the 13th.  Notice the scale on the bottom left denoting estimated total inches of rainfall.  Image courtesy of Plymouth State University.
 
A progressive weather pattern across the Gulf South brought a series of cold fronts, and their accompanying brief shots of heavy rain, to the region during early January...with much of Southwest Louisiana and Southeast Texas already receiving well above-normal rainfall for the first week of the year.  By the 9th, an area of low pressure developed over the northwestern Gulf of Mexico which moved northeast, pulling a warm front and its associated rains across the region.  A round of heavier rains then initiated early on the 10th as a cold front moved into the area and stalled...hanging around the Atchafalaya Basin into the 11th.  More scattered rains fell on the 12th as another cold front approached the area. However its passage on the 13th set the stage for another, and longer, round of persistent rains as warm air aloft rode over the colder air left in the wake of the front.  These rains continued through mid-week, before an area of low pressure aloft finally crossed the western Gulf states, ushering in drier air through the atmosphere.
 
Animated image of weather map plots
A series of surface analysis maps, courtesy of the Hydrologic Prediction Center, NWS.
 
Below is a list of 9-day rainfall totals resulting from the heavy rainfall/severe weather event starting on Tuesday, January 8th...running through the lingering over-running rainfall event which finally ended on Thursday the 17th.
LOCATION TYPE WED
1/9
THU
1/10
FRI
1/11
SAT
1/12
SUN
1/13
MON
1/14
TUE
1/15
WED
1/16
THU
1/17
TOTAL
EUNICE co-op 1.09 11.16 0.41 0.63   0.94 1.41 1.21 0.07 16.92
JENNINGS co-op 0.77 8.64 0.29 0.48   1.28 1.37 1.00 0.03 13.86
CROWLEY 2NE co-op 1.38 9.35 0.50     1.15 0.18 0.80 0.02 13.38
BUNKIE co-op 0.38 8.45 0.60 0.08   0.36 0.67 1.50 0.08 12.12
LAFAYETTE CADE FARM raws   1.43 1.90 0.02   7.75 0.08 0.60 0.04 11.82
ROCKEFELLER NWR co-op 1.12 8.75       0.74 0.20 0.50 0.02 11.33
FRANKLIN 3NW ^ co-op 5.57 0.70 2.60 0.44   0.29 1.30 0.12 0.03 11.05
MORGAN CITY co-op 3.49 0.28 3.58 2.94   0.51   0.05 0.09 10.94
ABBEVILLE co-op 3.20 3.92 1.53 0.07   1.51 0.25 0.22 0.02 10.72
LACASSINE raws 0.45 7.49 0.27     0.79 0.68 0.63 0.01 10.32
SALT POINT asos 3.94 0.48 3.30 1.60   0.56 0.05 0.01 0.09 10.03
CENTRAL LAFAYETTE other   *8.59       +1.34       9.93
ALEXANDRIA ESLER AIRPORT asos 0.36 7.30 0.47 0.26   0.79 0.09 0.51 0.04 9.82
NEW IBERIA asos 3.88 1.10 2.59 0.03   2.10 0.06   0.02 9.78
JEANERETTE 5NW co-op 5.06 0.85 1.38     1.46 0.86     9.61
KAPLAN co-op 3.27 4.05 0.93     1.27       9.52
OPELOUSAS co-op   7.79         0.25 0.90 0.13 9.07
ALEXANDRIA POWER PLANT co-op 0.40 5.80 0.25 0.10   1.10 0.10 0.63   8.38
ELMER 2SW co-op 0.42 6.01 0.19 0.12 0.01 0.93 0.10 0.37 0.03 8.18
LAFAYETTE asos 2.67 1.88 1.82 0.03   1.31 0.11 0.28 0.06 8.16
CHENEYVILLE 5W co-op 0.23 5.47 0.44 0.11   0.51 0.27 0.94 0.02 7.99
BOYCE 3WNW ^ co-op 0.55 3.64 2.58   0.10 0.57 0.20 0.17 0.15 7.96
OBERLIN FIRE TOWER co-op 0.31 6.22 0.13     0.04 0.12 0.95   7.77
GARDNER raws 0.44 5.14 0.34 0.27   0.88 0.06 0.44 0.02 7.59
ALEXANDRIA 5SSE ^ co-op 0.35 3.51 2.55 0.02 0.11 0.43 0.02 0.45 0.03 7.47
KINDER co-op 0.30 5.90 0.10 0.20     0.10 0.80   7.40
FULLERTON raws 0.53 5.39 0.09 0.07   0.47 0.39 0.26 0.01 7.21
SAM HOUSTON JONES S.P. co-op 0.60 5.60 0.05 0.11 0.02   0.10 0.50 0.03 7.01
DRY CREEK co-op   6.68           0.32   7.00
LAFAYETTE co-op   3.25 1.45     1.45 0.30 0.25 0.25 6.95
MITTIE co-op 0.22 4.77 0.15 0.10   0.52 0.09 0.58 0.02 6.45
ALEXANDRIA INTL asos 0.40 4.39 0.01 0.17 0.02 0.75 0.28 0.24 0.03 6.29
FT. POLK-FULLERTON asos 0.65 5.00 0.10 0.06     0.19 0.19 0.01 6.20
CAMERON PRAIRIE NWR co-op 0.55 4.90 0.14     0.50       6.09
MOSS BLUFF 2NNW ^ co-op 0.12 2.85 2.38 0.01 0.05   0.07 0.46 0.08 6.02
LAKE CHARLES asos 0.32 4.69 0.14     0.05 0.12 0.60   5.92
MOSS BLUFF co-op 0.28 4.53 0.07 0.12   0.14 0.16 0.54   5.84
SALTWATER BARRIER co-op 0.24 4.30 0.11 0.05 0.02 0.11 0.16 0.50 0.04 5.53
OAKDALE co-op   5.15           0.38   5.53
LEESVILLE co-op 0.93 3.05 0.02 0.23   0.51 0.62 0.14   5.50
LAKE CHARLES CHENNAULT awos 0.28 4.47 0.08 0.02   0.08 0.12 0.44   5.49
LEESVILLE 6SSW co-op 1.15 3.42       0.80   0.11   5.48
PORT OF LAKE CHARLES co-op 0.37 4.15 0.08 0.02   0.08 0.12 0.52   5.34
FT. POLK-SELF STRIP asos 0.88 3.19 0.07 0.12 0.13 0.44 0.27 0.20 0.01 5.31
ORANGE 9N co-op 0.28 3.45 0.70 0.12 0.01 0.25 0.08 0.21 0.01 5.11
HACKBERRY 8SSW co-op 0.40 3.65 0.06     0.14 0.15 0.63 0.01 5.04
BEAUMONT PT. ARTHUR AIRPORT asos 0.38 4.19 0.01 0.06 0.04 0.04 0.07 0.22 0.02 5.03
TOLEDO BEND RESERVOIR co-op 1.52 2.10   0.30   0.49 0.41 0.13 0.02 4.97
BUNA raws 0.59 3.24   0.05 0.10 0.52 0.35 0.08   4.93
FT. POLK AAF asos 0.84 2.92 0.07 0.08 0.06 0.44 0.22 0.18   4.81
COLMESNEIL 4E co-op 2.29 1.36     0.34 0.34 0.32 0.09   4.74
OBERLIN co-op 0.27 3.79       0.14 0.16 0.35 0.01 4.72
SABINE raws 0.49 3.16 0.10   0.03 0.06 0.12 0.60 0.01 4.57
SILSBEE 4N co-op 0.60 2.90   0.05 0.30 0.05 0.40     4.30
LELAND BOWMAN LOCKS co-op     1.57     2.32 0.13 0.21 0.04 4.27
OLD TOWN BAY co-op 0.29 2.38 0.32 0.04   0.15 0.20 0.84   4.22
LUMBERTON co-op 0.72 2.70   0.05 0.10 0.30 0.30     4.17
BEAUMONT co-op 0.55 2.83   0.02 0.01 0.38 0.17 0.10   4.06
MCFADDIN raws 0.29 2.95 0.01   0.03 0.05 0.05 0.26   3.64
BEAUMONT RESEARCH CENTER co-op 0.78 2.34   0.04 0.05 0.27 0.12 0.03   3.63
WOODVILLE raws 0.91 1.40 0.01 0.14 0.31 0.57 0.08 0.09   3.51
HARMONY co-op 0.93 1.35   0.23 0.50 0.30 0.11 0.07   3.49
SOUR LAKE co-op 0.70 1.84   0.01 0.01 0.38 0.30 0.04   3.28
FRED co-op 0.58 1.88         0.66 0.07   3.19
CHESTER 1SE co-op 1.75 1.13       0.24       3.12
SULPHUR awos 0.23 2.74 0.01     0.02   0.04   3.04
WARREN raws 0.54 1.22   0.01 0.15 0.91 0.09 0.06   2.98
STEINHAGEN LAKE co-op 0.36 1.32   0.02 0.84 0.18 0.16 0.08   2.96
WILDWOOD co-op 0.65 1.30   0.05 0.26 0.54 0.07 0.07   2.94
WOODVILLE 7ENE co-op 0.56 1.38       0.63 0.16 0.05   2.78
PORT ARTHUR co-op   2.30       0.16 0.06 0.21 0.03 2.76
SPURGER 1NE co-op 0.30 1.37     0.35 0.50 0.19 0.04   2.75
CARENCRO co-op     1.19     0.95   0.42   2.56
JASPER awos 0.44 1.29     0.07 0.37 0.04 0.01   2.22
DERIDDER co-op 0.51   0.43 0.11 0.03 0.72 0.23 0.11 0.03 2.17
WOODVILLE co-op 0.55 1.40         0.09 0.05   2.09
IVANHOE co-op 0.68     0.19 0.34 0.65 0.17     2.03
DERIDDER awos 0.29 1.43   0.07 0.02   0.04 0.13   1.98
SHADY GROVE co-op 1.70 0.24               1.94
SAM REYBURN RESERVOIR co-op       0.01 0.40 0.52 0.25 0.10   1.28
WOODVILLE 2W co-op       0.10 0.60 0.10 0.20     1.00
ORANGE awos 0.01 0.23 0.38 0.27 0.02 0.01 0.01 0.01   0.94

- Individual totals are for the 24 hours ending at 0700 or 0800 for the day listed above the column, except for the following...
     ^ ending 0000 the day listed above the column          * 72-hour total ending 2000           + 4-day total ending 2000

- Blank cells indicate periods in which no rain was reported, a trace amount was reported, or no report was received
- All data is considered unofficial...official data should be available via the National Climatic Data Center starting February 1st, 2013

- Location type glossary
      co-op: Cooperative Reporting Station      asos: NWS or DOD Automated Observing Station
      awos: FAA Automated Observing Station      raws: Interagency Remote Automated Weather Observing Stations
      other: Miscellaneous report

 
The following list is 48-hour rainfall amounts, ending at 1800 on Thursday the 10th for sites within the Calcasieu Parish Alert Network.  All roads are located in or near Lake Charles unless noted.
IOWA 6.73
HECKER ROAD 6.26
JOE SPEARS ROAD 6.38
WARD LINE ROAD 6.03
KAYOUCHEE COULEE PUMP STATION 5.71
GOOS ROAD 5.67
MARK LEBLEU ROAD 5.63
BANKENS ROAD 5.63
COFFEY ROAD 5.35
ELLIOT ROAD 5.27
DOUGLAS ROAD 5.04
TOPSY ROAD 5.00
NELSON ROAD 5.00
HIGHWAY 90 (SULPHUR) 4.61
EAST PRIEN LAKE ROAD 4.29
HIGHWAY 27 (CARLYSS) 4.18
PICARD STREET 4.09
DAVE DUGAS ROAD (CARLYSS) 3.90
CURRIE DRIVE 3.74
BOYS VILLAGE ROAD 3.42
 
The following are other 3-day totals ending on Thursday the 10th.
WEST EUNICE 13.80
EAST MAMOU 12.75
LA 335 NR COW ISLAND 12.00
NEW IBERIA 11.40
SAINT MARTINVILLE COURTHOUSE 10.60
LAKE ARTHUR 9.25
HILLSIDE DRIVE (LAFAYETTE) 8.59
7 EAST OF ALEXANDRIA 8.23
LAFAYETTE KATC 8.03
DOWNTOWN ALEXANDRIA KALB TV 6.34
 
The result of all this rain was a localized flash flood and widespread river flood event...for further details on continuing flooding, please refer to our Advanced Hydrology Prediction Service page.
Cow Bayou near Mauriceville Sabine River at Deweyville Calcasieu River at Saltwater Barrier Calcasieu River near Old Town Bay Bundick Creek at Bundick Lake Calcasieu River near Kinder Whisky Chitto Creek near Mittie Calcasieu River near Oberlin Calcasieu River near Glenmora Calcasieu River near Oakdale Bayou Cocodrie near Clearwater Bayou Nezpique at Basile Mermentau River at Mermentau Bayou Des Cannes near Eunice Bayou Vermilion near Carencro Bayou Vermilion at LafayetteMap of river flood sites with category of flooding
 
The following is a list of area waterways which went into flood, and their record flood height for comparison.
Body of Water Location Flood Stage Crest Date of Crest Category of Flooding Record Crest Date of Record
Mermentau River Mermentau 4 10.5 1/15/13 major 14.5 8/7/1940
Bayou Des Cannes Eunice 16 21.4 1/12/13 major 22.4 5/20/1953
Bayou Vermilion Carencro 17 21.5 1/11/13 major 22.5 3/12/2012
Calcasieu River Old Town Bay 4 7.6 1/14/13 moderate 16.1 5/21/1953
Whisky Chitto Creek Mittie 15 21.4 1/12/13 moderate 32.8 5/18/1953
Bayou Vermilion Lafayette (Surrey St) 10 14.0 1/10/13 moderate 24.9 8/9/1940
Calcasieu River Oberlin 13 18.2 1/15/13 moderate 26.5 5/19/1953
Calcasieu River Glenmora 12 16.4 1/12/13 moderate 21.6 5/19/1953
Calcasieu River Kinder 16 20.6 1/13/13 moderate 32.0 5/19/1953
Bayou Nezpique Basile 22 26.1 1/13/13 moderate 34.4 5/20/1953
Calcasieu River Saltwater Barrier 4 4.7 1/13/13 minor 13.0 10/1/1913
Calcasieu River Oakdale 12 13.9 1/13/13 minor 22.6 5/19/1953
Cow Bayou Mauriceville 17 17.9 1/10/13 minor 22.5 10/29/2006
Bayou Cocodrie Clearwater 19 20.0 1/13/13 minor 26.7 5/18/1953
Bundick Creek Bundick Lake 97 98.1 1/11/13 minor 102.2 3/22/2012
Sabine River Deweyville 24 24.2 1/14/13 minor 29.2 7/6/1989
 
 
 

The Civil Air Patrol was able to do an flyover of the flooded areas on the 17th of January:

 


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Photos From Flood Surveys:


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