Learning Lesson: Drawing Conclusions - Surface Temperature Map


Air temperature map

This map shows the air temperature for various locations over the conterminous U.S. The values are in °F.

Objective
Using a blue colored pencil, lightly draw lines connecting equal values of temperatures, every 10°F. Remember, like isobars, these lines (called isotherms) are smooth and do not cross each other.

Procedure
You will draw lines connecting the temperatures, much like you did with the sea-level pressure map. However, you will also need to interpolate between values. Interpolation involves estimating values between stations which will enable you to properly analyze a map.

We will begin drawing from the 40°F temperature in Seattle, Washington (top left value). Since we want to connect all the 40°F temperatures together, the nearest 40°F value is located in Reno, Nevada, (southeast of Seattle). However, in order to get there you must draw a line between a 50°F temperature along the Oregon coast and a 30°F temperature in Idaho. Since 40°F is halfway between the two locations, your line from Seattle should pass halfway between the 50°F and 30°F temperatures. Place a light dot halfway between the 50°F and 30°F temperatures. This is your interpolated 40°F location. Your map should look like this.

Next connect the Seattle 40°F temperature with the Reno 40°F temperature ensuring your line moves through your interpolated 40°F temperature. Continue connecting the 40°F temperatures until you get to Texas. Your map should look like this.

Now your line will pass between two values, 60°F and 30°F. Like the last time, you should make a mark between the 60°F and 30°F but this time a 50°F is also to be interpolated in addition to the 40°F. Between the 60°F and 30°F temperatures, place a small dot about 1/3 the distance from the 30°F and another small dot about 2/3 the distance from the 30°F. These dots become your interpolated 40°F and 50°F temperatures. Finish drawing your 40°F isotherm passing through your interpolated 40°F value. Repeat the above procedures with the other isotherms drawn at 10°F intervals. Label your isotherms. Your map should look like this.

Analysis
Isotherms are used to identify warm and cold air masses.

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