|Heat Disorder||Symptoms||First Aid*|
|SUNBURN||Redness and pain. In severe cases, swelling of skin, blisters, fever and headaches.||Ointments for mild cases if blisters appear and do not break. If breaking occurs, apply dry sterile dressing. Serious, extensive cases should be seen by a physician.|
|HEAT CRAMPS||Painful spasms usually in the muscles of the legs and abdomen possible. Heavy sweating.||Firm pressure on cramping muscles, or gentle massage to relieve spasm. Give sips of water. If nausea occurs, discontinue use.|
|HEAT EXHAUSTION||Heavy sweating, weakness, skin cold, pale, and clammy. Pulse thready. Normal temperature possible. Fainting and vomiting.||Get victim out of sun. Lay down and loosen clothing. Apply cool, wet cloths. Fan or move victim to air-conditioned room. Give sips of water. If nausea occurs, discontinue use. If vomiting continues, seek immediate medical attention.|
|HEAT STROKE (or sunstroke)||High body temperature (106 degrees F or higher). Hot, dry skin. Rapid and strong pulse. Possible unconsciousness.||Heat stroke is a severe medical emergency. Summon emergency medical assistance or get the victim to a hospital immediately. Delay can be fatal! Move the victim to a cooler environment. Reduce body temperature with cold bath or sponging. Use extreme caution. Remove clothing, use fans and air conditioners. If body temperature rises again, repeat process. Do not give fluids.|
* For more information, contact your local American Red Cross Chapter. Ask to enroll in a first aid course.