What is a severe thunderstorm?
A severe thunderstorm is any storm that contains one or more of the following:
Hail of 1"(quarter size) or larger
Winds of 58mph(50kts) or greater
While severe thunderstorms can occur any time of the year, the most common
time for occurrence is during the months of March, April and May.
What is the difference between a watch and a warning?
WATCH - Conditions are favorable, severe weather is possible during the watch time.
WARNING - Severe weather is occurring or about ready to occur.
|Two main kinds: Tornado and Severe Thunderstorm||Two main convective kinds: Tornado and Severe Thunderstorm. Can also have Flash Flood|
|Can be issued for a long period of time(6 hours or longer)||Usually issued for about an hour or less. There may be numerous warnings issued for a specific location over the course of a severe weather event.|
|Covers many counties||Issued for a smaller area than a watch. Usually a county, portion of a county, multiple counties. Issued based on specific storm threat.|
|Usually is issued before severe weather occurs.||Issued when severe weather is ongoing or imminent.|
|Remain weather aware of rapidly changing conditions||If a warning is issued for your location, take cover. Activate your severe weather plan!|
Straight line damaging winds are common across Mississippi any time of the year. Damaging winds (sometimes referred to as straight line winds)can do just as much, if not more, damage than a tornado. These storms can knock down trees and cause damage to structures. While these winds can occur any time of year, damaging wind reports tend to increase during the spring months and peak during the summer months in Mississippi. In mid June 2012, a large complex of thunderstorms moved across the state from the northwest. This complex of storms brought widespread tree and power line damage with 60 to 70 mph wind gusts. Some pockets of significant wind damage occurred in the Mississippi Delta where winds likely gusted around 80 mph.
Another straight line wind event occurred in mid October 2012 when 80 to 90 mph wind gusts went through Greenville, knocking down trees and causing building damage.
Hail is formed when water droplets are drawn into an area of strong upward moving air, known as an updraft, of a storm. Once the water droplets are transported above the freezing level, they combine with tiny airborne particles, such as dirt, salt, etc., and freeze on contact, forming tiny ice particles. These ice particles are light enough that they remain suspended in the cloud, where they undergo processes that allow them to combine with other supercooled water droplets and grow into hailstones. Once the hailstones are heavy enough to overcome the upward force of the updraft, they fall out of the cloud.
Hail can occur throughout the year as long as temperatures aloft are cold enough to support freezing of the hailstone, and won't melt the hail as it falls. The spring months tend to be the time of year that the largest number of severe hail reports occur. In addition, the highest number of large hail( 2 inches or larger) reports also occurs during the spring months.
Large hail can cause significant damage to crops and property. On March 18, 2013, hail to the size of ping pong balls, tennis balls and even softballs fell across several locations in central Mississippi. The largest of the hailstones fell across portions of the Jackson metro area during rush hour. This caused significant damage to thousands of cars and many buildings. Around 550 million dollars in damage was caused by this destructive hailstorm. The softball size hailstone that fell in Clinton, MS was the third largest hailstone to fall in March in Mississippi since 1950 and the seventh largest to fall in the state for any month of the year. The largest hailstone to fall in Mississippi history was 5 inches in diameter, or CD/DVD size. This fell in Lafayette County on April 10, 1962.