Red Flag Program Tips

 

The purpose of the Fire Weather Watch and Red Flag Warning is to alert the public and land management agencies of developing weather conditions that, when combined with critically dry wildland fuels, could lead to dangerous wildfires...which will be issued using Xnow and will be distributed under AWIPS Pil JANRFWJAN.

********Tips for issuing Redflag products*********

  • A Red flag Warning must be issued for the 1st period...possibly for the second period if the forecaster has a high degree of confidence.
  • NOTE: Coordination Center Numbers are in TELEPHONE on AWIPS.
  • A Fire Weather Watch can be issued for periods of 12 to 48 hours in advance of the expected onset of criteria...beyond 48 hours to 72 hours does not serve our local customers too well.
    • For instance, if  on Thursday we issued a Fire Weather Watch for Friday...then on early Friday the forecasters have to make up their minds on whether or not to issue a Red Flag Warning. If not...then issue a JANRFWJAN cancelling the Fire Weather Watch and be sure to note it on the headline of the Fire Weather Forecast product as well as the appropriate zones.  
  • A Fire Weather Watch should not be issued, or continued, to indicate low confidence or borderline conditions. In these situations, the forecaster should describe the expected conditions and reasons for uncertainty in the discussion portions of the routine Fire Weather Forecasts.
  • Red Flag Warning is used to warn of an impending, or occuring Red Flag Event. Its issuance denotes a high degree of confidence that weather and fuel conditions consistent with local Red Flag Event criteria will occur in 24 hours or less. Forecasters can issue the warning for all or selected portions within a fire weather zone.
  • Red Flag Warning expiration time is 12-24 hours to coincide with the next issuance of the fire weather forecast.
  • Fire Weather Watch expiration time is 24 to 48 hours.
  • If the forecaster favors a Redflag Warning...then it will be issued under JANRFWJAN.  Be sure to be careful about expiration times on the products.
  • In the Fire Weather forecast(FWF) be sure to note the redflag products issuances or cancellations at the head of the product as well as the appropriate fire zones which are affected.
  • As far as public Fire Danger Statements are concern we consult mainly with the State Forestry Commission and get some quotes from them on Public Fire Safety. For Mississippi this will come out of the Jackson head office with the state forestry officer...who is the manager of the Mississippi Forestry Commission. We can also confer with the US Forest Service on any input they would like in the statement. We usually play it on the CRS about 2-3 times a week until the dry period has passed.
  • A Fire Weather Watch will remain in effect until the Watch is:

1.     cancelled

2.     upgraded to a Red Flag Warning

3.     expires

 

  • A Red Flag Warning will remain in effect until the warning:

1.     is cancelled

2.     expires

 

  • Use the same product identifier(RFW) for issuing,updating, and cancelling Fire Weather Watches and Red Flag Warnings. Forecasters will also update the Forestry Forecast.

We consult both the state and federal agencies for the region before issuing these products.

Examples of actual Redflag Warning and a Fire Weather Watch products

WWUS84 KJAN 141730

RFWJAN

 

URGENT - FIRE WEATHER MESSAGE

NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE JACKSON MS

1230 PM CDT THU OCT 14 2010

 

...REDFLAG WARNING IN EFFECT FOR THE NORTHWEST PORTIONS OF THE ARKLAMISS UNTIL 7 PM...

 

ARZ074-075-LAZ007>009-015-016-MSZ018-019-025>027-034>036-040>042-

047-150000-

/O.NEW.KJAN.FW.W.0006.101014T1730Z-101015T0000Z/

ASHLEY-CHICOT-MOREHOUSE-WEST CARROLL-EAST CARROLL-RICHLAND-MADISON LA-BOLIVAR-SUNFLOWER-LEFLORE-GRENADA-CARROLL-WASHINGTON-HUMPHREYS-HOLMES-ISSAQUENA-SHARKEY-YAZOO-WARREN-

1230 PM CDT THU OCT 14 2010

 

...RED FLAG WARNING IN EFFECT UNTIL 7 PM CDT THIS EVENING...

 

THE NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE IN JACKSON HAS ISSUED A RED FLAG WARNING...WHICH IS IN EFFECT UNTIL 7 PM CDT THIS EVENING.

 

NORTHERLY WINDS OF 10 TO 15 MPH WITH GUSTS OF AROUND 20 MPH WILL CONTINUE OVER THE REGION WITH RELATIVE HUMIDITIES OF 20 TO 25 PERCENT WITH ISOLATED LOCATIONS REACHING THE UPPER TEENS. THIS WILL CREATE

DANGEROUS FIRE CONDITIONS OVER THE AREA.

 

HIGH FIRE DANGER CONDITIONS WILL CONTINUE THROUGH THIS WEEKEND. NO RAIN IS FORECAST THROUGH MONDAY OF NEXT WEEK. OUTDOOR BURNING IS STRONGLY DISCOURAGED WITH STATE WIDE BURN BANS IN LOUISIANA AND MISSISSIPPI AS WELL AS LOCAL BURN BANS FOR SOUTHEAST ARKANSAS.

 

PRECAUTIONARY/PREPAREDNESS ACTIONS...

 

A RED FLAG WARNING MEANS THAT CRITICAL FIRE WEATHER CONDITIONS ARE EITHER OCCURRING NOW...OR WILL SHORTLY. A COMBINATION OF STRONG WINDS...LOW RELATIVE HUMIDITY...AND

WARM TEMPERATURES WILL CREATE EXPLOSIVE FIRE GROWTH POTENTIAL.

 

&&

 

$$

 


WWUS84 KJAN 301232

RFWJAN

 

URGENT – FIRE WEATHER MESSAGE                                                                                                                                  
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE JACKSON 

732 AM CDT THU SEP 30 2010

…A FIRE WEATHER WATCH REMAINS IN EFFECT FOR THE ARKLAMISS REGION UNTIL FRIDAY AT 7 PM…

ARZ-074-075-LAZ007>009-015-016-023>026-MSZ018-019-025>066-072>074-302100=

/O.CON.KJAN.FW.A.0002.000000T0000Z-101002T0000Z/

ASHLEY-CHICOT-MOREHOUSE-WEST CARROLL-EAST CARROLL-RICHLAND- MADISON LA-FRANKLIN LA-CATAHOULA-TENSAS-CONCORDIA-BOLIVAR-SUNFLOWER-LEFLORE-GRENADA-CARROLL-MONTGOMERY-WEBSTER-CLAY-LOWNDES-CHOCTAW-OKTIBBEHA-WASHINGTON-HUMPHREYS-HOLMES-ATTALA-WINSTON-NOXUBEE-ISSAQUENA-SHARKEY-YAZOO-MADISON MS-LEAKE-NESHOBA-KEMPER-WARREN-HINDS-RANKIN-SCOTT-NEWTON-LAUDERDALE-CLAIBORNE-COPIAH-SIMPSON-SMITH-JASPER-CLARKE-JEFFERSON-ADAMS-FRANKLIN MS-LINCOLN-LAWRENCE-JEFFERSON DAVIS-CONVINGTON-JONES-MARION-LAMAR-FORREST-

732 AM CDT THU SEP 30 2010

.,.FIRE WEATHER WATCH REMAINS IN EFFECT THROUGH FRIDAY EVENING…

A FIRE WEATHER WATCH REMAINS IN EFFECT THROUGH FRIDAY EVENING DURING THE PAST FOUR WEEKS…RAINFALL HAS BEEN VERY SPARSE ACROSS MUCH OF THE ARKLAMISS REGION. DUE  TO THE VERY DRY CONDITIONS…AREA FIRE AGENCIES IN SOUTHEAST ARKANSAS…NORTHEAST LOUISIANA AND  CENTRAL MISSISSIPPI HAVE INDICATED AN INCREASE IN FIRE DANGER AND FIRE ACTIVITY…AND  THEY DISCOURAGED OUTDOOR BURNING…AND MORE BANS ARE EXPECTED IN THE COMING WEEKS.

THE LOWEST RELATIVE HUMIDITY VALUES WILL BE AROUND 25 PERCENT THIS AFTERNOON…AND FROM 20 TO 25 PERCENT FRIDAY AFTERNOON. WINDS WILL BE FROM THE NORTH AT 10 TO 15 MPH TODAY AND 10 TO 20 MPH MPH ON FRIDAY…WITH SOME HIGHER GUSTS ON BOTH DAYS. A DRY COLD FRONT IS EXPECTED TO PUSH THROUGH THE REGION TONIGHT…AND THIS WILL ONLY REINFORCE THE DRY AND BREEZY CONDITIONS FOR FRIDAY  INTO THIS WEEKEND. IF FIRE DANGER CONDITIONS CONTINUE TO WORSEN…THEN RED FLAG WARNINGS MAY HAVE TO BE ISSUED.

PRECAUTIONARY/PREPAREDNESS ACTIONS…

A FIRE WEATHER WATCH MEANS THAT CRITICAL FIRE WEATHER CONDITIONS COULD OCCUR. LISTEN FOR LATER FORECASTS AND POSSIBLE REDFLAG WARNINGS.

FIRE DANGER STATEMENTS

The office will also issue Fire Danger Statements. This product is issued under rare circumstances of extremely dry or drought conditions for the entire or part of the region(AWIPS header JANSPSJAN). Distribution will be over NOAA Weather Radio, Internet and the Weather Wire.

 

    The statement will have the following items:

 

 

 

 

  • Highlight...FIRE DANGER INCREASING IN (Area to be Named)
  • Highlight...HIGH FIRE DANGER CONTINUES IN (Area to be Named) ...but we will not use the term Extreme.
  • Elaborate on the situation with a direct quote of the appropriate Fire Control Agency(State or Federal).
  • Indicate any changes(or no changes) in the weather situation expected over the next few days relative to the fire danger situation. We will not use fire or fire danger in describing the chances of rain, wind, or other weather parameters. We will leave fire behavior to the fire agencies.
  • Request for individual cooperation. The state or federal request that caution be exercise to help prevent forest and grass fires.
  • The statement will also mention burning bans that could be in force for a series of counties over portions of the state or a special statewide burning ban that is imposed by the governor.
  • Fire Danger Statements shall be issued only at the request of the forestry services...especially the state forestry agencies...since they cover the public lands of the state.
  • The Fire Danger product if so requested by the state and federal agency should be issued only from noon to 330 pm on NOAA Weather Radio. At most they may request broadcasts up to twice a week or more often depending on the fire danger conditions.

    FIRE DANGER STATEMENT NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE JACKSON MS 400 AM CDT MON OCT 18 2010 ARZ074-075-LAZ007>009-015-016-023>026-MSZ018-019-025>066-072>074-190000, ASHLEY-CHICOT-MOREHOUSE-WEST CARROLL-EAST CARROLL-RICHLAND-MADISON LA-FRANKLIN LA-CATAHOULA-TENSAS-CONCORDIA-BOLIVAR-SUNFLOWER-LEFLORE-GRENADA-CARROLL-MONTGOMERY-WEBSTER-CLAY-LOWNDES-CHOCTAW-OKTIBBEHA-WASHINGTON-HUMPHREYS-HOLMES-ATTALA-WINSTON-NOXUBEE-ISSAQUENA-SHARKEY-YAZOO-MADISON MS-LEAKE-NESHOBA-KEMPER-WARREN-HINDS-RANKIN-SCOTT-NEWTON-LAUDERDALE-CLAIBORNE-COPIAH-SIMPSON-SMITH-JASPER-CLARKE-JEFFERSON-ADAMS-FRANKLIN MS-LINCOLN-LAWRENCE-JEFFERSON DAVIS-COVINGTON-JONES-MARION-LAMAR-FORREST-INCLUDING THE CITIES OF...CROSSETT...NORTH CROSSETT...HAMBURG...WEST CROSSETT...DERMOTT...LAKE VILLAGE...EUDORA...BASTROP...OAK GROVE...EPPS...LAKE ..RAYVILLE...DELHI...TALLULAH...WINNSBORO...JONESVILLE...HARRISONBURG...NEWELLTON...ST. JOSEPH...WATERPROOF...VIDALIA...FERRIDAY...WEST FERRIDAY...CLEVELAND...INDIANOLA...RULEVILLE...GREENWOOD...GRENADA...VAIDEN...NORTH CARROLLTON...CARROLLTON...WINONA...MABEN...MATHISTON...WEST POINT...COLUMBUS...ACKERMAN...WEIR...STARKVILLE...GREENVILLE...BELZONI...ISOLA...DURANT...TCHULA...LEXINGTON...PICKENS...GOODMAN...KOSCIUSKO...LOUISVILLE...MACON...BROOKSVILLE...MAYERSVILLE...ROLLING FORK...ANGUILLA...YAZOO ...RIDGELAND...MADISON...CANTON...CARTHAGE... PHILADELPHIA...PEARL RIVER...DE KALB...SCOOBA...VICKSBURG...JACKSON...PEARL...BRANDON...RICHLAND...FOREST...MORTON...NEWTON...UNION...DECATUR...CONEHATTA...MERIDIAN...PORT GIBSON...CRYSTAL SPRINGS...HAZLEHURST...WESSON...MAGEE...MENDENHALL...TAYLORSVILLE...RALEIGH...BAY SPRINGS...HEIDELBERG...QUITMAN...STONEWALL...SHUBUTA...FAYETTE...NATCHEZ...BUDE...ROXIE... MEADVILLE...BROOKHAVEN...MONTICELLO...NEW HEBRON...PRENTISS...BASSFIELD...COLLINS...MOUNT OLIVE...LAUREL...COLUMBIA...WEST HATTIESBURG...LUMBERTON...PURVIS...HATTIESBURG

    400 AM CDT MON OCT 18 2010

    ...ELEVATED FIRE DANGER ACROSS THE ARKLAMISS REGION TODAY...

    ACCORDING TO AREA FORESTRY COMMISSIONS AND THE US FOREST SERVICE,RECENT VERY DRYCONDITIONS HAVE MADE OUTDOOR BURNING INCREASINGLY HAZARDOUS. CONDITIONS ARE SUCH THAT A SPARK FROM EQUIPMENT, THE HEAT FROM A CATALYTIC CONVERTER, OR ANY HEAT SOURCE COULD START A GRASS OR BRUSH FIRE. GUSTY WINDS MAKE IT DIFFICULT TO CONTAIN BURNING DEBRIS OR TRASH AND COULD HINDER FIRE CONTAINMENT EFFORTS. THE COMBINATION OF DRY FINE FUELS, SUCH AS GRASS, AND LOW RELATIVE HUMIDITY HAVE RESULTED IN CONTINUED FIRE DANGER ACROSS THE ARKLAMISS REGION. MINIMUM RELATIVE HUMIDITY VALUES WILL RANGE FROM 25 TO 35 PERCENT THIS AFTERNOON...ACCOMPANIED BY SOUTHWEST WINDS AT 5 TO 10 MPH. THE DRY WEATHER WILL RESULT IN ELEVATED FIRE DANGER TODAY. RELATIVE HUMIDITY VALUES ARE EXPECTED TO INCREASE ON TUESDAY AS ADDITIONAL MOISTURE ENTERS THE REGION AHEAD OF AN APPROACHING COLD FRONT. THIS WILL REDUCE FIRE DANGER LEVELS. SERVICE AREA FORESTRY COMMISSIONS, FIRE DEPARTMENTS, AND OTHER FIRE CONTROL AGENCIES IN LIFE THREATENING SITUATIONS, AND CAN ENDANGER COMMUNITIES. PLEASE USE CAUTION AND HELP PREVENT FOREST AND GRASS FIRES. AREA FORESTRY COMMISSIONS AND US FOREST SERVICE URGE THE PUBLIC TO COMPLY WITH LOCAL AND STATEWIDE BURN BANS AND REFRAIN FROM ANY OUTDOOR BURNING. MISSISSIPPI AND LOUISIANA >HAVE ISSUED STATEWIDE BURN BANS. ASHLEY AND CHICOT COUNTIES IN ARKANSAS ARE ALSO UNDER A LOCAL BURN BAN. WHEN BARBECUING, TAKE THE UTMOST CARE. DO NOT DUMP ASHES UNLESS YOU ARE CERTAIN THEY ARE COMPLETELY OUT. LIVE COALS CAN BURN FOR AS LONG AS ONE OR TWO DAYS AFTER BEING USED. HIGH FIRE DANGER CONDITIONS CONTINUE ACROSS THE REGION .ACCORDING TO THE MISSISSIPPI FORESTRY COMMISSION, THE DROUGHT CONDITIONS HAVE MADE BURNING EXTREMELY HAZARDOUS. CONDITIONS ARE SUCH THAT A SPARK FROM EQUIPMENT, THE HEAT FROM A CATALYTIC CONVERTER, OR ANY HEAT SOURCE WILL START A FIRE. WINDY CONDITIONS COMPLICATE THE BURNING PROCESS BY FURTHER MAKING IT IMPOSSIBLE TO CONTAIN BURING DEBRIS OR TRASH, AND BY SENDING ANY WILDFIRES QUICKLY OUT OF CONTROL. LIGHTNING STRIKES FROM THUNDERSTORMS CAN QUICKLY START FIRES. FIRE PLACE THE MISSISSIPPI FORESTRY COMMISSION, FIRE DEPARTMENTS, AND OTHER FIRE CONTROL SERVICES IN LIFE THREATENING SITUATIONS, AND CAN ENDANGER ENTIRE COMMUNITIES. PLEASE USE CAUTION AND HELP PREVENT FOREST AND GRASS FIRES. SINCE JULY 1ST OVER 50,100 HAVE BEEN CONSUMED IN OVER 3500 WILD FIRES ACROSS MISSISSIPPI. THE MISSISSIPPI FORESTRY COMMISSION DOES NOT FEEL THAT ANY REASON FOR BURNING CAN BE JUSTIFIED AT THIS TIME. UNDER SUCH EXTREME CONDITIONS, WE URGE THE PUBLIC TO COMPLY WITH THE GOVERNOR'S BAN AND REFRAIN FROM ANY OUTDOOR BURNING. WHEN BARBECUING TAKE THE UTMOST CARE. DO NOT DUMP ASHES UNLESS YOU ARE CERTAIN THEY ARE COMPLETELY OUT. LIVE COALS CAN BURN FAR AS LONG AS ONE OR TWO DAYS AFTER BEING USED. OCCASIONALLYY, THERE WILL BE SOME RELIEF TO THE HIGH FIRE DANGER IN THE FORM OF SCATTERED SHOWERS AND THUNDERSTORMS. HOWEVER WUCH RELIEF WILL ONLY BE TEMPORARY WITH HIGH FIRE DANGER CONDITIONS RETURNING QUICKLY AFTER A FEW DAYS OF DRYING.

     

     

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