Severe Weather Event on March 18, 2013 

Summary:

      On March 18, 2013 showers and strong thunderstorms developed south of a frontal boundary that stretched from northern Tennessee west into northern Texas.  Several disturbances moved along this frontal boundary during the day, producing several waves of thunderstorms, which became severe during the afternoon.  During the morning, thunderstorms produced small hail and gusty winds across mainly northwest portions of Alabama. Around midday, surface heating (due to breaks in cloud cover) combined with an increase in dewpoint temperatures lead to an increase in instability across the region ahead of an impending cold front. As a result, a line of strong to severe thunderstorms developed during the early afternoon hours ahead of the front. Straight-line winds around 65-100 mph and large hail up to 1.5 inches in diameter were common with this line as it moved quickly across northern Alabama between 2 pm and 5 pm. The first tornado of the afternoon, an EF-0, formed northeast of the Leighton area with this line and tracked for approximately 1.6 miles. Storm surveys indicated that straight line winds reached 105 mph in the Fort Payne area during the mid-afternoon hours.  As the line pushed into Marshall, Dekalb, and Jackson counties, enough low level shear was in place to produce two stronger EF-2 tornadoes.  Click here for a summary of reports received during this event (this includes non-severe and severe reports).  Below is a map of all tornado, severe hail and damaging wind reports received during the event.

Click below to see a larger image of the rotational signature associated with the tornadoes that affected Kilpatrick (bottom left) and Shiloh (bottom right).

 

Tornado Surveys Completed  (Click on the tornado locations below for detailed storm summary information and the EF-Scale for more detailed track information)

 Detailed Summary Link
EF-Scale
/Est. Max. Wind Speeds

Injuries/
Fatalities

Path Length/
Width

Starting Point/Time
Ending Point/Time
Track Images/Files
Leighton Tornado
(Colbert County)
- EF-0
- 85 MPH
 0/0
- 100 yd 
- 1.6 mi 
- 34.7293/-87.4954
- 2:10 PM CDT
- 34.7281/-87.4673
- 2:13 PM CDT
Kilpatrick Tornado
(Marshall/Dekalb Counties)
- EF-2
- 125 MPH
 7/0
- 220 yd 
- 4.3 mi 
- 34.2687/-86.1326
- 3:41 PM CDT
- 34.2692/-86.059
- 3:47 PM CDT
Fyffe/Shiloh Tornado
(Dekalb County)
- EF-2
- 120 MPH
 0/0
- 350 yd
 - 5.9 mi
- 34.4630/-85.9917
- 3:43 PM CDT
- 34.4725/-85.8879
- 3:51 PM CDT
NE Boaz
(Marshall/Etowah County)
- EF-1
- 105 MPH

 3/0

- 300 yd
 - 7.9 mi
- 34.2048/-86.1525
- 3:41 PM CDT
- 34.1913/-86.0144
- 3:48 PM CDT

Straight-Line Wind Damage Surveys Completed  (If no link is present under Locations Affected column, not enough widespread damage was present to complete a survey write-up)

Locations Affected
Estimated
Wind Speeds

Injuries/Fatalities

Track Images/Files
Albertville (Marshall County)
     90 - 100 MPH
- Unknown
Fort Payne (Dekalb County)
     90 - 105 MPH
- Unknown
Southwest Smith Lake (Cullman County)
     90 - 100 MPH
- Unknown
Logan  (Cullman County)
     80 - 100 MPH
- Unknown
Good Hope (Cullman County)
     65 - 100 MPH
- Unknown
Brushy Pond  (Cullman County)
     75 - 100 MPH
- Unknown
Grove Oak (Marshall      County)
     60 - 85 MPH
- Unknown
Collinsville (Dekalb County)
     60 - 85 MPH
- Unknown
NE of Leighton (Colbert County)
     60 - 85 MPH
- Unknown

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