DROUGHT INFORMATION STATEMENT
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE HOUSTON/GALVESTON TX
710 PM CDT SAT JUL 04 2009

                   ...DROUGHT INFORMATION STATEMENT...

       ...DROUGHT CONDITIONS INTENSIFY OVER SOUTHEAST TEXAS...

                ...RAIN CHANCES INCREASE NEXT WEEK...

SYNOPSIS...
A PERSISTENT UPPER LEVEL RIDGE OF HIGH PRESSURE OVER SOUTHEAST TEXAS
HAS SHUNTED STORM SYSTEMS TO THE NORTH AND WEST OF SOUTHEAST TEXAS.
THE STRONG RIDGE HAS BROUGHT UNSEASONABLY WARM TEMPERATURES...
EXCEEDING 100 DEGREES AT TIMES. RAINFALL HAS BEEN VIRTUALLY
NON-EXISTENT. ON JUNE 24TH AND AGAIN ON THE 26TH...HOUSTON RECORED A
HIGH TEMPERATURE OF 104 DEGREES WHICH IS THE HIGHEST TEMPERATURE
EVER RECORDED FOR THE MONTH OF JUNE. HOUSTON HAS ALREADY RECORDED 10
DAYS WITH TEMPERATURES REACHING OR EXCEEDING 100 DEGREES. THERE HAVE
ONLY BEEN SEVEN SUMMERS WITH MORE HUNDRED DEGREE DAYS THAN THE
SUMMER OF 2009 (AND IT IS ONLY JULY 4TH). THE SUMMER OF 1980
CONTAINED THE MOST 100 DEGREE DAYS WITH 32 DAYS. COLLEGE STATION AND
HUNTSVILLE ALSO RECORDED BRUTALLY HIGH TEMPERATURES ON THE
24TH...REGISTERING 106 DEGREES. COLLEGE STATION HAS ALREADY RECORDED
FOURTEEN 100 DEGREE DAYS THIS SUMMER.

HOUSTON INTERCONTINENTAL AIRPORT ENDURED 31 CONSECUTIVE DAYS WITHOUT
MEASURABLE RAIN. A THUNDERSTORM ON THE EVENING OF JUNE 25TH ENDED
THE DRY STREAK. 0.27 INCHES OF RAIN FELL AT THE AIRPORT. THE DRIEST
STRETCH OF WEATHER EVER RECORDED FOR HOUSTON WAS BACK IN 1904. THERE
WAS NO MEASURABLE RAIN BETWEEN JANUARY 8 1904 AND FEBRUARY 16 1904 -
40 DAYS!

* THIS TIES FOR THE 12TH LONGEST PERIOD WITHOUT MEASURABLE RAIN.
  THE LAST TIME HOUSTON WENT 31 DAYS WITHOUT RAIN WAS FROM JULY 31
  1990 THROUGH AUGUST 30 1990.

IN ADDITION TO TEMPERATURE RECORDS...THERE WERE ALSO SOME JUNE
RAINFALL RECORDS. COLLEGE STATION TIED FOR IT`S DRIEST JUNE ON
RECORD WITH ONLY A TRACE OF RAIN. THIS TIES THE HOT DRY JUNE OF
1998. ONLY 0.27 INCHES OF RAIN FELL AT INTERCONTINENTAL AIRPORT
DURING THE MONTH. THIS WAS THE 4TH DRIEST JUNE IN CITY HISTORY AND
IT IS ALSO THE DRIEST MAY/JUNE COMBINATION (0.65 INCHES)IN HOUSTON
CITY HISTORY. COLLEGE STATION HAD IT`S THIRD DRIEST MAY/JUNE IN
RECORDED HISTORY. BELOW IS A TABLE WITH THE FIVE DRIEST MAY/JUNE
RAINFALL TALLIES:

                        MAY/JUNE RAIN TOTALS

              HOUSTON              COLLEGE STATION

              0.65 IN 2009         0.11 IN 1998
              0.98 IN 1931         0.52 IN 1934
              1.78 IN 1915         1.41 IN 2009
              1.82 IN 1934         1.74 IN 1925
              1.87 IN 1901         1.91 IN 1917

OTHER COMMUNITIES ACROSS SOUTHEAST TEXAS HAVE SUFFERED A SIMILAR
FATE. COLLEGE STATION...HUNTSVILLE AND CONROE HAVE NOT RECORDED
MEASURABLE RAINFALL DURING JUNE. ANGLETON...BAY CITY AND EDNA HAVE
YET TO RECEIVE 10 INCHES OF RAIN THIS YEAR. MAY AND JUNE ARE
TYPICALLY TWO OF THE WETTEST MONTHS OF THE YEAR SO THIS ENDURING
DROUGHT IS OF GREAT CONCERN.

BELOW IS A TABLE WITH RAINFALL AND RAINFALL DEFICITS (THROUGH JULY
4TH) FOR A FEW SITES ACROSS SOUTHEAST TEXAS. PLEASE NOTE THE APRIL
RAINFALL COMPARED TO THE REST OF THE MONTHS.

              HOUSTON INTERCONTINENTAL AIRPORT

MONTH     RAIN     DEP         PERCENT OF NORMAL

JAN       0.49     -3.19       13.3 PERCENT
FEB       1.52     -1.46       51.0 PERCENT
MAR       4.08     +0.72      121.4 PERCENT
APR      10.38     +6.78      288.3 PERCENT
MAY       0.38     -4.77        7.5 PERCENT
JUN       0.27     -5.08        5.0 PERCENT
JUL       0.00     -0.53        0.0 PERCENT

TOTAL    17.12     -7.53       69.5 PERCENT


              HOUSTON HOBBY AIRPORT

MONTH     RAIN     DEP         PERCENT OF NORMAL

JAN       0.37     -3.88        8.7 PERCENT
FEB       1.18     -1.83       39.2 PERCENT
MAR       2.52     -0.67       70.5 PERCENT
APR      15.61    +12.15      451.1 PERCENT
MAY       0.66     -4.45       12.9 PERCENT
JUN       1.39     -5.45       20.3 PERCENT
JUL       0.00     -0.73        0.0 PERCENT

TOTAL    21.73     -4.86       81.7 PERCENT

             COLLEGE STATION

MONTH     RAIN     DEP         PERCENT OF NORMAL

JAN       0.70     -2.62       21.1 PERCENT
FEB       0.68     -1.70       28.6 PERCENT
MAR       5.07     +2.23      158.4 PERCENT
APR       6.11     +2.91      190.9 PERCENT
MAY       1.41     -3.64       27.9 PERCENT
JUN      TRACE     -3.79        0.0 PERCENT
JUL      TRACE     -0.32        0.0 PERCENT

TOTAL    13.97     -6.93       66.8 PERCENT


             GALVESTON

MONTH     RAIN     DEP         PERCENT OF NORMAL

JAN       0.34     -3.74        8.3 PERCENT
FEB       1.05     -1.56       40.2 PERCENT
MAR       3.73     +0.97      135.1 PERCENT
APR       5.23     +2.67      204.2 PERCENT
MAY       0.19     -3.51        5.1 PERCENT
JUN       0.32     -3.72        7.9 PERCENT
JUL       0.00     -0.48        0.0 PERCENT

TOTAL    10.86     -9.37       53.7 PERCENT

            ANGLETON

MONTH     RAIN     DEP

JAN       0.25     -4.51
FEB       0.43     -4.33
MAR       1.57     -3.19
APR       3.40     -0.37
MAY       1.10     -3.66
JUN       0.62     -4.14
JUL       0.00     -0.44

TOTAL     7.37    -20.64

HERE IS SOME OF THE RAINFALL DATA FROM OUR NETWORK OF CO-OP
OBSERVERS FOR MAY AND JUNE AND THE NORMAL EXPECTED AND THE PERCENT
OF NORMAL SINCE MAY 1ST:

CITY                  MAY     JUNE     NORMAL     PERCENT NORMAL
                                       MAY/JUNE   SINCE MAY 1ST

ALVIN                 0.68    2.83     10.27      34.2 PERCENT
ANAHUAC               1.23    1.71     11.10      26.5 PERCENT
BAYTOWN               2.90    0.96     12.12      31.8 PERCENT
BELLVILLE             4.06    0.00      9.22      44.0 PERCENT
CALDWELL              0.73    0.00      8.49       8.6 PERCENT
CLEVELAND             4.11    0.22     11.21      38.6 PERCENT
CLODINE               0.27    0.64     10.34       8.8 PERCENT
COLUMBUS              1.96    0.10     10.78      19.1 PERCENT
CROCKETT              1.03    0.70      9.12      19.0 PERCENT
DANEVANG              0.54    0.55      9.91      11.0 PERCENT
EL CAMPO              1.76    0.32
FREEPORT              2.53    0.00      8.67      29.2 PERCENT
HOUSTON BARKER        1.65    0.00      9.45      17.5 PERCENT
HOUSTON HEIGHTS       0.65    0.50     11.86       9.7 PERCENT
HOUSTON WESTBURY      0.59    0.45     11.55       9.0 PERCENT
KATY                  1.13    0.00      8.62      13.1 PERCENT
LIBERTY               2.85    1.74     12.68      36.2 PERCENT
LIVINGSTON            4.23    0.13     10.74      40.6 PERCENT
MATAGORDA             4.79    0.00      8.97      53.4 PERCENT
PIERCE                1.07    0.02      9.87      11.0 PERCENT
RICHMOND              0.11    1.14
SOMERVILLE DAM        0.77    0.29
WASH STATE PARK       1.69    0.00      8.84      19.1 PERCENT
WHARTON               0.92    0.25      9.38      12.5 PERCENT

AS OF JUNE 30 2009...THE U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR INDICATED THAT
EXCEPTIONAL DROUGHT CONDITIONS WERE AFFECTING PARTS OF JACKSON AND
BURLESON COUNTIES. EXTREME DROUGHT CONDITIONS WERE AFFECTING PARTS
OF MATAGORDA...WHARTON...BRAZOS...GRIMES...COLORADO...MADISON AND
WASHINGTON COUNTIES. SEVERE DROUGHT CONDITIONS WERE AFFECTING PARTS
OF FORT BEND...BRAZORIA...HARRIS...WALLER...AUSTIN... MONTGOMERY...
WALKER...TRINITY AND HOUSTON COUNTIES. MODERATE DROUGHT CONDITIONS
WERE IMPACTING PARTS OF POLK...LIBERTY...SAN JACINTO...GALVESTON AND
CHAMBERS COUNTIES.

FOR FURTHER CLARIFICATION...SEE EITHER (ALL LINKS IN LOWER CASE)
HTTP://WWW.DROUGHT.UNL.EDU/DM/DM_STATE.HTM?TX.S OR FOR THE ENTIRE
COUNTRY SEE...HTTP://WWW.DROUGHT.UNL.EDU/DM/MONITOR.HTML.

AGRICULTURAL IMPACTS...
THE LATEST SOIL MOISTURE ANOMALY GRAPHIC FROM THE CLIMATE PREDICTION
CENTER SHOWS EXCESSIVELY TO ABNORMALLY DRY SOIL CONDITIONS OVER ALL
OF SOUTHEAST TEXAS. THE JUNE 30TH TEXAS A & M TEXAS CROP AND WEATHER
REPORT INDICATED THAT PASTURES WERE DECLINING...APPEARING AS ALMOST
BARE GROUND. DRYLAND CORN WAS BALED AS HAY. CATTLE PRODUCERS WERE
SENDING CALVES TO MARKET EARLIER THAN NORMAL TO EASE GRAZING
PASTURES. IRRIGATED GRASS FIELD WERE STILL GREEN BUT WITH LIMITED
GROWTH. LIVESTOCK PRODUCERS REQUIRED SUPPLEMENTAL FEED. POND LEVELS
CONTINUE TO DROP. FOR MORE INFORMATION...SEE HTTP://AGNEWS.TAMU.EDU
(ALL LOWER CASE).

HYDROLOGIC IMPACTS...
RAINFALL NORTH OF THE REGION HAS ALLOWED RIVERS TO STAY NEAR BANKS.
THIS HAS ALLOWED AREA RESERVOIRS TO STAY NEAR CAPACITY.

     WATERSHED                   CAPACITY

LAKE LIVINGSTON                  100 PERCENT
LAKE CONROE                       96 PERCENT
HOUSTON COUNTY LAKE               94 PERCENT
LAKE HOUSTON                      95 PERCENT
LAKE SOMERVILLE                   81 PERCENT
LAKE TEXANA                       66 PERCENT


FIRE DANGER IMPACTS...
A HIGH FIRE DANGER EXISTS OVER SOUTHEAST TEXAS. HIGH RELATIVE
HUMIDITY VALUES WILL ALLOW FOR SOME RECOVERY AT NIGHT BUT EXTREME
DAYTIME TEMPERATURES...AVERAGING 4 TO 6 DEGREES ABOVE NORMAL WILL
INCREASE THE FIRE WEATHER THREAT. DRY GROUND FUELS WILL ALSO
INCREASE THE THREAT FOR WILD FIRES.

AS OF JULY 4TH...THE HIGHEST KEETCH-BYRAM DROUGHT INDICES (600 TO
700) WERE LOCATED OVER ALMOST ALL OF SOUTHEAST TEXAS. ONLY GALVESTON
COUNTY HAD A KBDI VALUE LESS THAN 600. CONDITIONS HAVE BECOME
CRITICAL ACROSS ALL OF SOUTHEAST TEXAS. (SEE THE LINK...ALL LOWER
CASE HTTP://WEBGIS.TAMU.EDU/TFS/ KBDI_DAILY/ KBDICOUNTY.PNG).
INDICES WILL LIKELY INCREASE THIS WEEK IF BELOW NORMAL RAINFALL
CONTINUES.

RESTRICTIONS/ACTIONS...
ACCORDING TO THE TEXAS FOREST SERVICE WEB SITE ON JUNE 28 2009...
(HTTP://TFSFRP.TAMU.EDU/WILDFIRES/DECBAN.PNG)...A BURN BAN IS IN
EFFECT FOR THE FOLLOWING COUNTIES:

MADISON...WALKER...LIBERTY...CHAMBERS...MATAGORDA...HOUSTON...
BRAZORIA...HARRIS...AUSTIN...BRAZOS...POLK...SAN JACINTO...
WHARTON... MONTGOMERY...WALLER...AUSTIN...WASHINGTON...GRIMES...
JACKSON AND COLORADO COUNTIES. CONDITIONS CONTINUE TO DETERIORATE
AND EVEN ADDITIONAL LIGHT TO MODERATE RAINFALL WILL NOT PRODUCE MUCH
IN THE WAY OF DROUGHT RELIEF.

WATER RESTRICTIONS ARE IN EFFECT FOR SOME COMMUNITIES INCLUDING
PEARLAND...THE WOODLANDS...CONROE...BAYOU VISTA...LEAGUE CITY...
SUGARLAND AND LA MARQUE.

RESIDENTS SHOULD REMAIN VIGILANT WHEN DOING ANY OUTDOOR ACTIVITIES
WHICH INVOLVE FIRE OR SPARKS...BY MAKING SURE WATER IS QUICKLY
AVAILABLE IF AN UNWANTED FIRE OR SMOLDERING BEGIN. FINALLY...
MOTORISTS SHOULD NOT DISCARD LIGHTED CIGARETTES FROM THEIR VEHICLES.

OUTLOOK...
A PERSISTENT AND STRONG UPPER LEVEL RIDGE OF HIGH PRESSURE WILL
AGAIN SHIFT SLIGHTLY WEST. A WEAK SURFACE COLD FRONT WILL MOVE INTO
SOUTHEAST TEXAS ON MONDAY. THIS WILL ALLOW SCATTERED SHOWERS AND
THUNDERSTORMS TO DEVELOP MONDAY AND TUESDAY. A WEAKNESS ALOFT TOWARD
THE END OF THE WEEK COULD ALSO BRING SOME WELCOME RELIEF FROM THE
BOTH THE EXCESSIVE HEAT AND DROUGHT. HOWEVER...THE UPPER LEVEL RIDGE
THAT HAS PLAGUED SOUTHEAST TEXAS ALL SUMMER HAS STUBBORNLY REFUSED
TO BUDGE SO CONFIDENCE IN LONG RANGE FORECASTS SHOULD BE TAKEN WITH
A GRAIN OF SALT...OR BETTER YET...TAKEN WITH SOME AIR CONDITIONING
AND A VERY TALL AND VERY COLD REFRESHING BEVERAGE.

THE NEXT DROUGHT INFORMATION STATEMENT WILL BE BE ISSUED ON OR AROUND
JULY 10 2009.

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