The following is a history of tropical storms and hurricanes that have passed within 75 miles of the Houston/Galveston National Weather Service Office's county warning area from 1886 up to the end of the 2012 season.
The area has a rich history of tropical cyclone hits, including the infamous 1900 Galveston hurricane, the deadliest natural disaster in United States history, Tropical Storm Claudette (1979), which produced the still-standing continental U.S. record 24-hour rainfall total of 43 inches in Alvin, Tropical Storm Allison (2001) which devastated the Houston area while becoming the costliest tropical storm in United States history, and Hurricane Ike (2008) which produced a deadly and destructive storm surge along the upper Texas coast.
The information for this climatology study was compiled from several sources to give the best and most accurate information. This study includes a decade by decade analysis of individual tropical storms and hurricanes, and a monthly climatological analysis of system origin. A brief summary of each tropical cyclone's effect on Southeast Texas is also included.
Several systems had intensity discrepancies as they approached the Texas coast. This was due to the analyses of several sources used in this study. Those tropical cyclones are identified with an "*".
This in-depth climatology study will help those living along and near this vulnerable stretch of coastline to better understand the history of tropical cyclones affecting the NWS Houston/Galveston county warning area during the previous 127 years. As future tropical storms and hurricanes will undoubtedly affect the area, this study's analysis and documentation will be updated.
|Maps of tropical cyclones that have affected the upper Texas coast broken down by the decade (updated thru 2012):|
|Detailed summaries of tropical cyclones that have affected the upper Texas coast broken down by the decade (updated thru 2012):|