DROUGHT INFORMATION STATEMENT
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE HOUSTON/GALVESTON TX
150 PM CDT TUE APR 29 2014

        ...DROUGHT CONDITIONS RETURN TO SOUTHEAST TEXAS...

...GALVESTON RECORDS DRIEST DECEMBER THROUGH APRIL IN CITY HISTORY...

SYNOPSIS... 
DROUGHT CONDITIONS HAVE RETURNED TO A LARGE PART OF SOUTHEAST TEXAS. 
AREAS SOUTH OF I-10 AND AREAS CLOSER TO THE COAST HAVE BORNE THE 
BRUNT OF THE LATEST DRY PERIOD. APRIL IS COMING TO A CLOSE AND THE 
CITY OF GALVESTON IS ON TARGET TO RECORD ITS THIRD DRIEST APRIL IN 
RECORDED HISTORY (RECORDS DATE BACK TO 1871). PALACIOS WILL LIKELY 
RECORD ITS SIXTH DRIEST APRIL...BAY CITY WILL RECORD ITS 4TH DRIEST 
APRIL AND FREEPORT WILL RECORD ITS FIFTH DRIEST APRIL.

TO PUT THIS LATEST DROUGHT PERIOD IN PERSPECTIVE...THE PERIOD OF 
DECEMBER 2013 THROUGH APRIL 2014 IS THE DRIEST IN RECORDED HISTORY 
FOR THE CITY OF GALVESTON... ANGLETON...PALACIOS AND FREEPORT. 
PALACIOS COULD NOT EVEN MUSTER UP FOUR INCHES OF RAIN OVER THE LAST 
FIVE MONTHS. IT IS ALSO THE SECOND DRIEST DECEMBER THROUGH APRIL FOR 
HOUSTON HOBBY AIRPORT...THE THIRD DRIEST AT DANEVANG AND 4TH DRIEST 
AT BAY CITY. ALL THE SITES MENTIONED ABOVE ARE DRIER THIS YEAR THAN 
THE "DROUGHT YEAR" OF 2010-2011. THE CITY OF HOUSTON HAS RECORDED 
9.02 INCHES OF RAIN SINCE DECEMBER 1ST AND THIS IS THE 6TH DRIEST 
PERIOD ON RECORD WHICH ALSO BESTS 2010-11 (9.68 INCHES OF RAIN).

THE SOUTHERN HALF OF SOUTHEAST TEXAS HAS AVERAGED BETWEEN 30 AND 40 
PERCENT OF NORMAL RAINFALL SINCE DECEMBER 1ST. PALACIOS AND  
ANGLETON/LAKE JACKSON FARED THE WORST...RECEIVING ONLY 25 PERCENT OF 
NORMAL RAINFALL SINCE DECEMBER 1ST.

                          CITY OF GALVESTON
              DEC     JAN     FEB     MAR     APR     TOTAL
2013-14       0.65    1.36    1.69    1.82    0.10    5.62 1ST  DRIEST
2010-11       2.13    3.86    0.67    2.70    0.12    9.48 11TH DRIEST

                              FREEPORT
              DEC     JAN     FEB     MAR     APR     TOTAL
2013-14       0.42    2.03    1.42    1.40    0.16    5.43 1ST DRIEST
2010-11       1.75    4.21    0.84    0.81    0.00    7.61 7TH DRIEST

                              PALACIOS
              DEC     JAN     FEB     MAR     APR     TOTAL
2013-14       0.21    0.46    0.90    2.16    0.17    3.90 1ST  DRIEST
2010-11       1.31    3.87    0.72    0.77    0.01    6.68 10TH DRIEST

                              HOUSTON HOBBY
              DEC     JAN     FEB     MAR     APR     TOTAL
2013-14       0.87    0.53    2.09    2.54    1.30    7.33 2ND DRIEST
2010-11       5.84    4.10    0.34    0.78    T      11.06 7TH DRIEST

FIRST DRIEST WAS 5.40 IN 1970-71

                              DANEVANG
              DEC     JAN     FEB     MAR     APR     TOTAL
2013-14       0.33    1.07    1.11    2.48    0.21    5.20 3RD  DRIEST
2010-11       4.28    3.70    0.62    0.05    0.02    8.67 20TH DRIEST

FIRST DRIEST WAS 3.57 IN 1924-25

HERE ARE SOME RAINFALL TOTALS FOR LOCATIONS ACROSS SOUTHEAST TEXAS 
SINCE DECEMBER 1ST AND THE DEPARTURE FROM NORMAL:

LOCATION      DEC      JAN      FEB      MAR      APR      TOTAL

ANAHUAC       0.76     1.40     5.51     3.93     1.15     12.75
NORMAL        4.54     4.47     3.21     3.40     3.59     19.21     
DEPARTURE    -3.78    -3.07    +2.30    +0.53    -2.44    - 6.46

ANGLETON ASOS 0.35     0.72     0.80     1.85     0.66      4.38    
NORMAL        3.77     4.45     2.94     3.47     2.53     17.16
DEPARTURE    -3.42    -3.73    -2.14    -1.62    -1.87    -12.78

BAY CITY      0.39     1.44     1.43     3.19     0.13      6.58 
NORMAL        3.59     3.86     2.69     3.07     2.98     16.19 
DEPARTURE    -3.20    -2.42    -1.26    +0.12    -2.85    - 9.61

BAYTOWN       1.19     1.09     5.84     3.50     1.86     13.48
NORMAL        4.64     4.49     3.81     3.59     3.53     20.06 
DEPARTURE    -3.45    -3.40    +2.03    -0.09    -1.67    - 6.58

BELLVILLE     0.83     2.59     1.43     3.36     0.70      8.91
NORMAL        3.19     3.27     2.65     3.19     2.87     15.17 
DEPARTURE    -2.36    -0.68    -1.22    +0.17    -2.17    - 6.26

CLEVELAND     1.94     0.94     3.41     2.88     0.80      9.97
NORMAL        4.47     4.11     4.17     3.81     3.31     19.87
DEPARTURE    -2.53    -3.17    -0.76    -0.93    -2.51    - 9.90

COL STATION   0.76     1.29     0.89     1.61     1.23      5.78
NORMAL        3.23     3.24     2.85     3.17     2.66     15.15
DEPARTURE    -2.47    -1.95    -1.96    -1.56    -1.43    - 9.37

COLUMBUS      0.81     2.50     1.23     4.12     1.30      9.96
NORMAL        3.16     3.57     2.88     3.18     3.12     15.91
DEPARTURE    -2.35    -1.07    -1.65    +0.94    -1.82    - 5.95

DANEVANG      0.33     1.07     1.11     2.48     0.21      5.20
NORMAL        3.11     3.43     2.80     2.91     2.42     14.67
DEPARTURE    -2.78    -2.36    -1.69    -0.43    -2.21    - 9.47

EDNA          0.50     1.86     0.47     2.52     0.55      5.90
NORMAL        2.67     2.97     2.46     3.60     2.46     14.16
DEPARTURE    -2.17    -1.11    -1.99    -1.08    -1.91    - 8.26

EL CAMPO      0.39     1.45     2.15     2.67     0.62      7.28
NORMAL        3.47     3.16     2.68     3.52     2.92     15.75
DEPARTURE    -3.08    -1.71    -0.53    -0.85    -2.30    - 8.47

FREEPORT      0.42     2.03     1.42     1.40     0.16      5.43
NORMAL        3.50     4.12     2.79     3.08     2.80     16.29
DEPARTURE    -3.08    -2.09    -1.37    -1.68    -2.64    -10.86

GALVESTON     0.65     1.36     1.69     1.82     0.10      5.62     
NORMAL        3.52     4.20     2.57     3.16     3.05     16.50
DEPARTURE    -2.87    -2.84    -0.88    -1.34    -2.95    -10.88

HOUSTON BUSH  1.66     0.96     2.39     2.45     1.56      9.02 
NORMAL        3.74     3.38     3.20     3.41     3.31     17.04 
DEPARTURE    -2.08    -2.42    -0.81    -0.96    -1.75    - 8.02     

HOU HOBBY     0.87     0.53     2.09     2.54     1.30      7.33
NORMAL        4.03     3.87     3.21     3.20     3.25     17.56
DEPARTURE    -3.16    -3.34    -1.12    -0.66    -1.95    -10.23 

HUNTSVILLE    0.91     1.98     2.66     2.41     1.76      9.72 
NORMAL        3.85     3.82     3.06     3.41     2.97     17.11 
DEPARTURE    -2.94    -1.84    -0.40    -1.00    -1.21    - 7.39 

LIBERTY       1.55     1.22     5.18     3.68     2.02     13.65
NORMAL        5.25     4.42     4.18     3.90     3.88     21.63
DEPARTURE    -3.70    -3.20    +1.00    -0.22    -1.86    - 7.98

LIVINGSTON    1.65     1.37     2.08     3.18     1.05      9.33
NORMAL        4.70     4.24     3.92     3.87     3.26     19.99
DEPARTURE    -3.05    -2.87    -1.84    -0.69    -2.21    -10.66   

MADISONVILLE  1.43     2.04     1.69     3.46     1.74     10.36
NORMAL        3.92     3.86     3.28     3.26     2.82     17.14
DEPARTURE    -2.49    -1.82    -1.59    +0.20    -1.08    - 6.78

NEW CANEY     1.72     1.02     3.65     2.75     1.08     10.22
NORMAL        4.26     3.63     3.62     3.98     3.35     18.84
DEPARTURE    -2.54    -2.61    +0.03    -1.23    -2.27    - 8.62

NWS HGX       0.83     0.78     1.78     2.33     1.46      7.18 
NORMAL        4.04     4.47     2.91     3.24     3.31     17.97 
DEPARTURE    -3.21    -3.69    -1.13    -0.91    -1.85    -10.79

PALACIOS      0.21     0.46     0.90     2.16     0.17      3.90
NORMAL        2.78     3.37     2.35     3.00     2.60     14.10
DEPARTURE    -2.57    -2.91    -1.45    -0.84    -2.43    -10.20  

RICHMOND      0.79     1.43     2.08     1.97     1.31      7.58
NORMAL        3.64     3.40     3.02     3.22     3.29     16.57
DEPARTURE    -2.85    -1.97    -0.94    -1.25    -1.98    - 8.99

SOMERVILLE    1.01     2.01     1.59     1.58     1.26      7.45
NORMAL        3.11     2.98     2.91     3.05     2.73     14.78 
DEPARTURE    -2.10    -0.97    -1.32    -1.47    -1.47    - 7.33

SUGAR LAND    0.62     1.42     2.13     2.63     1.37      8.17
NORMAL        3.60     3.60     3.22     3.25     3.32     16.99
DEPARTURE    -2.98    -2.18    -1.09    -0.62    -1.95    - 8.82  

WASH ST PARK  1.62     2.12     1.83     1.96     1.25      8.78
NORMAL        3.38     3.54     2.83     3.52     2.80     16.07
DEPARTURE    -1.76    -1.42    -1.00    -1.56    -1.55    - 7.29    

SUMMARY OF IMPACTS...

AGRICULTURE IMPACTS. 

AS OF APRIL 28TH...CROPS WERE PROGRESSING SLOWLY WITH SOME SIGNS OF 
WILTING NOTED DUE TO HIGH WINDS AND LACK OF RAINFALL. LIVESTOCK WERE 
DOING RELATIVELY WELL AND WERE STILL FINDING GRASS TO GRAZE ON BUT 
HAY SUPPLIES WERE LIMITED. RICE WAS DOING WELL ON THE LIMITED NUMBER 
OF ACRES PLANTED DUE TO THE LIMITED AMOUNT OF WATER AVAILABLE. PONDS 
AND CREEKS OVER THE NORTHERN HALF OF THE REGION WERE IN GOOD SHAPE. 
SOIL MOISTURE REMAINED ADEQUATE BUT WAS DECREASING.

FIRE IMPACTS. 

AS OF APRIL 29TH...THERE WERE NO BURN BANS IN EFFECT.

THE KEETCH-BRYAM DROUGHT INDEX...OR KBDI...IS AN INDEX USED TO
DETERMINE FOREST FIRE POTENTIAL. THE KBDI CAN RANGE FROM 0 TO 800...
WHERE 0 REPRESENTS NO MOISTURE DEPLETION AND 800 REPRESENTS 
ABSOLUTELY DRY CONDITIONS. A KBDI BETWEEN 600 AND 800 IS OFTEN 
ASSOCIATED WITH SEVERE DROUGHT AND INCREASED WILDFIRE POTENTIAL.

THE FOLLOWING TABLE LISTS THE KBDI ACROSS THE AREA AS OF 
APRIL 29TH:

                    KBDI          KBDI
                    600-500       500-400

                    JACKSON      BRAZORIA
                                 MATAGORDA
                                 WHARTON

DROUGHT MONITOR.

ONLY JACKSON COUNTY IS CURRENTLY CLASSIFIED IN SEVERE DROUGHT OR D2. 
THE LACK OF RAINFALL COUPLED WITH INCREASING TEMPERATURES WILL 
LIKELY PROMPT A DETERIORATION IN DROUGHT CONDITIONS AND FUTURE 
DROUGHT MONITORS WILL LIKELY REFLECT DEGRADATING CONDITIONS ACROSS 
SOUTHEAST TEXAS.

NOTE...HERE IS A BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF EACH U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR 
CLASSIFICATION...

D4...EXCEPTIONAL DROUGHT - EXCEPTIONAL OR WIDESPREAD CROP/PASTURE 
     LOSS A SHORTAGE OF WATER IN RESERVOIRS AND STREAMS CREATING A 
     WATER EMERGENCY.

D3...EXTREME DROUGHT - MAJOR CROP OR PASTURE LOSSES. WIDESPREAD WATER
     SHORTAGES AND RESTRICTIONS.

D2...SEVERE DROUGHT - CROP OR PASTURE LOSSES LIKELY. SOME WATER
     SHORTAGES COMMON AND SOME WATER RESTRICTIONS IMPOSED.

D1...MODERATE DROUGHT - SOME DAMAGE TO CROPS AND PASTURES. RESERVOIRS
     OR WELLS LOW. VOLUNTARY WATER RESTRICTIONS IMPOSED.

D0...ABNORMALLY DRY - SHORT TERM DRYNESS. PLANT GROWTH SLOWS. MINOR
     WATER DEFICITS.

HYDROLOGIC IMPACTS.

AREA RESERVOIRS REMAIN IN GOOD SHAPE AND MOST ARE NEAR CAPACITY. 
AREA RIVERS AND CREEKS HAVE BEGUN TO SHOW A SLOW DROP IN WATER 
LEVELS. LAKE SOMERVILE AND LAKE TEXANA ARE FALLING AND APPROACHING 
80 PERCENT CAPACITY. THE POOL ELEVATION AT LAKE SOMERVILLE IS 2.6 
FEET BELOW NORMAL AND THE POOL ELEVATION AT LAKE TEXANA IS NOW 3.6 
FEET BELOW NORMAL.

WATERSHED                     CAPACITY

LAKE HOUSTON                  100 PERCENT
HOUSTON COUNTY LAKE           100 PERCENT
LAKE LIVINGSTON               100 PERCENT
LAKE CONROE                    97 PERCENT
LAKE SOMERVILLE                81 PERCENT
LAKE TEXANA                    80 PERCENT  

PRECIPITATION/TEMPERATURE OUTLOOK...

A DEEP UPPER LEVEL LOW OVER THE EASTERN U.S. WILL PRODUCE A DEEP 
NORTH TO NORTHWEST UPPER FLOW OVER TEXAS. THIS GENERALLY SHUNTS 
DEEPER MOISTURE EAST OF THE AREA BUT WILL PROVIDE FOR COOLER 
TEMPERATURES. AS THE UPPER LEVEL LOW SHIFTS EAST...WEAK UPPER LEVEL 
RIDING WILL GENTLY AMPLIFY OVER THE STATE. THIS WILL LEAD TO A 
CONTINUATION OF DRY CONDITIONS WITH A WARMING OF TEMPERATURES 
THROUGH NEXT WEEK. RAIN CHANCES WILL REMAIN VERY LOW THROUGH THE END 
OF NEXT WEEK AND QUITE POSSIBLY REMAIN DRY THROUGH THE MIDDLE OF THE 
MONTH. 

NEXT ISSUANCE DATE...

THE NEXT DROUGHT STATEMENT WILL BE ISSUED ON OR AROUND MAY 15 2014.

&&

RELATED WEB SITES...

ALL OF THE FOLLOWING WEBLINKS SHOULD BE IN LOWER CASE.

1. FOR MORE INFORMATION REGARDING AGRICULTURE IMPACT...SEE THE 
SOUTHEAST AND COASTAL BEND SECTIONS IN THE FARM AND RANCH LINK AT...
HTTP://TODAY.AGRILIFE.ORG/2013/08/06/TEXAS-CROP-WEATHER-115/

2. FOR THE LATEST KBDI...
HTTP://TWC.TAMU.EDU/DROUGHT/KBDI

3. FOR FURTHER CLARIFICATION OF THE U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR...SEE ONE OF 
THE FOLLOWING. THE FIRST SITE IS FOR THE STATE OF TEXAS...WHILE THE 
SECOND IS FOR THE ENTIRE COUNTRY.
- HTTP://WWW.DROUGHT.UNL.EDU/DM/DM_STATE.HTM?TX.S
- HTTP://WWW.DROUGHT.UNL.EDU/DM/MONITOR.HTML

4. A LIST OF TEXAS PUBLIC WATER SYSTEMS LIMITING WATER USE TO AVOID
SHORTAGES CAN BE FOUND AT THE FIRST LINK. THE SECOND IS THE WEBSITE
FOR THE CITY OF LEAGUE CITY.
- HTTP://WWW.TCEQ.TEXAS.GOV/DRINKINGWATER/TROT/DROUGHTW.HTML
- HTTP://WWW.LEAGUECITY.COM/CIVICALERTS.ASPX?AID=1228

5. LAKE AND RESERVOIR LEVELS CAN BE FOUND HERE...
- HTTP://WWW.SRH.NOAA.GOV/PRODUCTVIEW.PHP?PIL=RVAHGX&MAX=6
- HTTP://WWW.WATERDATAFORTEXAS.ORG/RESERVOIRS/STATEWIDE

6. FINALLY...UP-TO-DATE DROUGHT INFORMATION CAN BE FOUND ON THE 
WEBSITE FOR THE HOUSTON/GALVESTON OFFICE OF THE NATIONAL WEATHER 
SERVICE AT...
- HTTP://WWW.SRH.NOAA.GOV/HGX/?N=DROUGHT

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS...

THE DROUGHT MONITOR IS A MULTI-AGENCY EFFORT INVOLVING DIFFERENT 
AGENCIES IN NOAA...INCLUDING THE NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE AND THE 
NATIONAL CLIMATIC DATA CENTER. OTHER AGENCIES INCLUDE THE USDA...
STATE AND REGIONAL CENTER CLIMATOLOGISTS AND THE NATIONAL DROUGHT 
MITIGATION CENTER. INFORMATION FOR THIS STATEMENT HAS BEEN GATHERED
FROM THE NWS AND FAA OBSERVATION SITES...STATE COOPERATIVE EXTENSION
SERVICES...THE USDA...USACE...AND USGS.

$$


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