No Drought For Portions of South Central and Southeast New Mexico...
...But Nearly 2/3 of the State is Still in Moderate to Extreme Drought...
...And Almost 1/3 of the State is Still in Severe to Extreme Drought...
The start of the 2014 calendar year was extremely dry. January statewide precipitation was well below normal to non-exsistent with only 4% of normal! This was the driest January on record going back to 1895, with a statewide average of only 0.03 inches. February was an improvement, but still well below normal at only 27% normal precipitation. That makes the first two months of 2014 the driest on record, with only 16% of normal precipitation, and a statewide average of just 0.20 inches. March was better, but below normal, at 64% of the statewide average. For the first three months of 2014, statewide average precipitation was 34% of normal, at 0.67 inches. This was 1.32 inches below normal, the 3rd driest on record. April received 53 percent of normal. This made statewide precipitation for January through April only 41 percent of normal - the 7th driest four month start to any year. The average deficit across the state was -1.61 inches. May came in as the 'wettest' month of the year, at 89% of normal. June turned drier with a statewide average of 55% of normal. That makes 2014 at 56% of normal precipitation, a statewide deficit of 2.18 inches below normal, and the 13th driest first six months on record. Initial July rainfall totals are much better, with significant rainfall over much of the state. July was the first month this year with above normal precipitation. This brought the yearly average statewide precipitation up to 80 percent of normal. The monsoon fizzled a bit in August but did end up at 87 percent of normal bringing the yearly precipitation to 82 percent of average. September will end up being an extremely wet month for southern New Mexico, much less so for central and northern portions of the state. Overall, the statewide average was 190 percent of normal.
Below is statewide precipitation totals and the departure from normal through August of this year.
For previous months and years (back to 2002) click here. Make sure you click the circle by "Precipitation Summary".
October 2014. Through over half of October the Southeast remains dry to below normal while well above normal precipitation exists in the far northeast. The rest of the state was near to above normal.
September 2014. An impressive month indeed for rainfall across southern New Mexico, where precipitation averaged 300 to 400 percent above normal, or even greater. Significant rain fell on the 4th and 5th, and especially from the15th through 22nd across the southern tier of the state. Meanwhile much less rain fell over central and especially northern areas.
August 2014. August followed July's lead, bringing significant rain to many areas of central and southern New Mexico. The exceptions were in the northwest, northeast and especially east central plains. Early results from August suggest precipitation will end up near 80 percent of normal.
October 2013 - August 2014. Average precipitation for the first 11 months of the 2014 Water Year was 79% of normal. The Southern Deserts have received the least amount of precipitation, mostly in the 40 to 80 percent of normal range.
The official NOAA Climate Prediction Center outlook for New Mexico precipitation during November 2014 favors above normal precipitation over much of the state. The outlook from November through January 2014 also leans toward better chances of above normal precipitation, especially across southern New Mexico.
The seasonal outlook below indicates drought will either continue to improve or be removed over New Mexico through early 2015.
US Seasonal Drought Outlook from the Climate Prediction Center
(click map to enlarge)
The current U.S. Drought Monitor map depiction of drought for New Mexico can be found at:
Reservoir storage is below capacity at nearly all lakes across the state. Water levels are lowest at Abiquiu, Cochiti, Caballo, Brantley, Elephant Butte and Sumner Lakes. Average statewide reservoir storage is only 22 percent of capacity. You can use the link below to see the current percent of storage capacity at all the major New Mexico dams:
All public lands, National Parks and Monuments, BLM lands, State Parks and tribal lands are open across New Mexico. There are numerous stage one fire restrictions, though. Click on the link below, then select Fire News from the left hand menu.
Below is a map of real-time streamflow compared to historical streamflow for the current day of the year. Click on the image to take you to the USGS site.
New Mexico Water Watch from the USGS
(click map to enlarge image)
1. CPC (Climate Prediction Center) forecasters (top graphic) and models (lower graphic) continue to indicate the likelyhood of El Nino conditions developing late this fall and continuing through the upcoming winter. An El Nino watch remaines in effect.
2. Below is an animation of the weekly U.S. Drought monitor for 2014 (through early October) across the United States. Note how the drought worsens over New Mexico through most of May before improving from late may through this summer.
External Links and Sites
This product will be updated in late October, or sooner if necessary in response to significant changes in weather, water supply or drought conditions.
The U.S. Drought Monitor is a multi-agency effort involving the NOAA National Weather Service and National Climatic Data Center, the USDA, State and Regional Climate Centers and the National Drought Mitigation Center. Information for this statement has been gathered from the NWS and FAA observation sites, state cooperative extension services, the U.S. Geological Survey and other government agencies.
Thanks to Deirdre Kann, our Science and Operations Officer, for providing many of the links, the automatically updating graphics and the design of much of this page.
If you have any questions or comments about this drought information statement, please contact:
National Weather Service
or by e-mail to: