This year's annual weather and climate review is again organized into topics which are accessed by the tabs across the top of the page. This page provides links to statistics of temperature and precipitation for Albuquerque, Clayton and Roswell in 2010, and a review of the yearly precipitation across the state by Climate Divisions. Other topics in this review include a summary of the drought status and recap of the Hydrologic program for 2010; a recap of the Fire Weather program for 2010; a list of all the records in Albuquerque, Clayton and Roswell in 2010 as well as extremes for Albuquerque and the growing season around the Duke City; a month to month recap of the significant weather events across New Mexico in 2010 and a review of 2010's severe weather. Note that the information in a few of the graphs is preliminary, and in some instances final data for December is not yet included.

2010 had its usual share of significant weather with:

Additionally, two extreme events that stand out this year though were

Precipitation was near or above normal across much of the state in 2010, although there were a few exceptions. Portions of the central Rio Grande Valley, around Reserve in the Southwest , and the Southeast Plains had below normal precipitation.

Temperatures were near or above normal statewide.

2010 Monthly Temperature & Precipitation Data For 
Albuquerque, Clayton & Roswell

Click on a city below to view the monthly and annual
temperature & precipitation data for 2010

map with links to Albuquerque, Clayton and Roswell climate data 

Statewide New Mexico Precipitation for 2010

 Precipitation across New Mexico during 2010 was greatly affected by conditions in the tropical Pacific Ocean.  In the figure below, monthly precipitation values for 2010 are compared to normal amounts for New Mexico's eight climate divisions.  2010 was greatly affected by two opposite extreme conditions in the tropical Pacific.  The year started with warmer than normal sea surface temperature anomalies (El Niño) and ended with much cooler than normal sea surface temperature (La Niña).  Both of these events are related to variability in precipitation across New Mexico.

At the beginning of the year, well-established El Niño conditions helped to support wetter than normal conditions across much of New Mexico.  May and June were below normal at most locations, particularly across central locales including Divisions 2, 5 and 6.  At the Albuquerque Sunport, no precipitation was recorded for 53 consecutive days from May 3 through June 24. The summer monsoon period saw precipitation amounts of near to above average, with rain events favoring July. Dramatic changes in the tropical Pacific occurred during the summer months with sea surface temperature anomalies rapidly cooling from well above average in the winter to well below average by fall, indicating the start of a La Niña event.  In fact, some of the indices used to measure variations in the tropical Pacific measure changes with magnitudes that had not been observed since the mid-1970s.  La Niña is generally associated with sub-par winter and spring precipitation, and this trend is reflected in the downward trend of precipitation during the fall months. The reduction in fall precipitation would be even more extreme, but a widespread heavy rain event, courtesy of record high atmospheric moisture and the remnants of Tropical Storm Georgette, resulted in record-high one- and two-day precipitation records at many locations.  The warm and dry trend persisted through November and into early December. Results for December will be updated later, but a more active pattern in the second half of the month resulted in some much needed moisture and snow. 

graphic of monthly precipitation for NM climate divisions in 2010 
(Data is Preliminary and through November 2010) is the U.S. government's official web portal to all federal, state and local government web resources and services.